Google Cloud Build Operators

The GoogleCloud Build is a service that executes your builds on Google Cloud Platform infrastructure. Cloud Build can import source code from Google Cloud Storage, Cloud Source Repositories, execute a build to your specifications, and produce artifacts such as Docker containers or Java archives.

Prerequisite Tasks

To use these operators, you must do a few things:

Build configuration overview

In order to trigger a build, it is necessary to pass the build configuration.

airflow/contrib/example_dags/example_gcp_cloud_build.pyView Source

create_build_from_storage_body = {
    "source": {"storageSource": GCP_SOURCE_ARCHIVE_URL},
    "steps": [
            "name": "",
            "args": ["build", "-t", "$PROJECT_ID/{}".format(GCP_SOURCE_BUCKET_NAME), "."],
    "images": ["$PROJECT_ID/{}".format(GCP_SOURCE_BUCKET_NAME)],

The source code for the build can come from Google Cloud Build Storage:

"source": {"storageSource": {"bucket": "bucket-name", "object": "object-name.tar.gz"}},

It is also possible to specify it using the URL:

"source": {"storageSource": "gs://bucket-name/object-name.tar.gz"},

In addition, a build can refer to source stored in Google Cloud Source Repositories.

"source": {
    "repoSource": {
        "projectId": "airflow-project",
        "repoName": "airflow-repo",
        "branchName": "master",

It is also possible to specify it using the URL:

"source": {"repoSource": ""},

Read Build Configuration Overview to understand all the fields you can include in a build config file.

Trigger a build

Trigger a build is performed with the CloudBuildCreateBuildOperator operator.

airflow/contrib/example_dags/example_gcp_cloud_build.pyView Source

create_build_from_storage = CloudBuildCreateBuildOperator(
    task_id="create_build_from_storage", project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID, body=create_build_from_storage_body

You can use Jinja templating with body, gcp_conn_id, api_version parameters which allows you to dynamically determine values. The result is saved to XCom, which allows it to be used by other operators.

airflow/contrib/example_dags/example_gcp_cloud_build.pyView Source

create_build_from_storage_result = BashOperator(
    bash_command="echo '{{ task_instance.xcom_pull('create_build_from_storage')['images'][0] }}'",

Was this entry helpful?