Airflow extra dependencies

The apache-airflow PyPI basic package only installs what’s needed to get started. Additional packages can be installed depending on what will be useful in your environment. For instance, if you don’t need connectivity with Postgres, you won’t have to go through the trouble of installing the postgres-devel yum package, or whatever equivalent applies on the distribution you are using.

Most of the extra dependencies are linked to a corresponding provider package. For example “amazon” extra has a corresponding apache-airflow-providers-amazon provider package to be installed. When you install Airflow with such extras, the necessary provider packages are installed automatically (latest versions from PyPI for those packages). However you can freely upgrade and install provider packages independently from the main Airflow installation.

For the list of the extras and what they enable, see: Reference for package extras.

Provider packages

Unlike Apache Airflow 1.10, the Airflow 2.0 is delivered in multiple, separate, but connected packages. The core of Airflow scheduling system is delivered as apache-airflow package and there are around 60 provider packages which can be installed separately as so called Airflow Provider packages. The default Airflow installation doesn’t have many integrations and you have to install them yourself.

You can even develop and install your own providers for Airflow. For more information, see: Provider packages

For the list of the provider packages and what they enable, see: Providers packages reference.

Differences between extras and providers

Just to prevent confusion of extras versus provider packages: Extras and providers are different things, though many extras are leading to installing providers.

Extras are standard Python setuptools feature that allows to add additional set of dependencies as optional features to “core” Apache Airflow. One of the type of such optional features are providers packages, but not all optional features of Apache Airflow have corresponding providers.

We are using the extras setuptools features to also install provider packages. Most of the extras are also linked (same name) with provider packages - for example adding [google] extra also adds apache-airflow-providers-google as dependency. However there are some extras that do not install providers (examples github_enterprise, kerberos, async - they add some extra dependencies which are needed for those extra features of Airflow mentioned. The three examples above add respectively github enterprise oauth authentication, kerberos integration or asynchronous workers for gunicorn. None of those have providers, they are just extending Apache Airflow “core” package with new functionalities.

System dependencies

You need certain system level requirements in order to install Airflow. Those are requirements that are known to be needed for Linux system (Tested on Ubuntu Buster LTS) :

sudo apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends \
        freetds-bin \
        krb5-user \
        ldap-utils \
        libffi6 \
        libsasl2-2 \
        libsasl2-modules \
        libssl1.1 \
        locales  \
        lsb-release \
        sasl2-bin \
        sqlite3 \

You also need database client packages (Postgres or MySQL) if you want to use those databases.

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