Command Line Interface and Environment Variables Reference

Command Line Interface

Airflow has a very rich command line interface that allows for many types of operation on a DAG, starting services, and supporting development and testing.

Note

For more information on usage CLI, see Using the Command Line Interface

usage: airflow [-h] GROUP_OR_COMMAND ...

Positional Arguments

GROUP_OR_COMMAND

Possible choices: celery, cheat-sheet, config, connections, dags, db, info, jobs, kerberos, kubernetes, plugins, pools, providers, roles, rotate-fernet-key, scheduler, sync-perm, tasks, users, variables, version, webserver

Sub-commands:

celery

Start celery components. Works only when using CeleryExecutor. For more information, see https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/stable/executor/celery.html

airflow celery [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: flower, stop, worker

Sub-commands:
flower

Start a Celery Flower

airflow celery flower [-h] [-A BASIC_AUTH] [-a BROKER_API] [-D]
                      [-c FLOWER_CONF] [-H HOSTNAME] [-l LOG_FILE]
                      [--pid [PID]] [-p PORT] [--stderr STDERR]
                      [--stdout STDOUT] [-u URL_PREFIX]
Named Arguments
-A, --basic-auth

Securing Flower with Basic Authentication. Accepts user:password pairs separated by a comma. Example: flower_basic_auth = user1:password1,user2:password2

Default: “”

-a, --broker-api

Broker API

-D, --daemon

Daemonize instead of running in the foreground

Default: False

-c, --flower-conf

Configuration file for flower

-H, --hostname

Set the hostname on which to run the server

Default: “0.0.0.0”

-l, --log-file

Location of the log file

--pid

PID file location

-p, --port

The port on which to run the server

Default: 5555

--stderr

Redirect stderr to this file

--stdout

Redirect stdout to this file

-u, --url-prefix

URL prefix for Flower

Default: “”

stop

Stop the Celery worker gracefully

airflow celery stop [-h]
worker

Start a Celery worker node

airflow celery worker [-h] [-a AUTOSCALE] [-H CELERY_HOSTNAME]
                      [-c CONCURRENCY] [-D] [-l LOG_FILE] [--pid [PID]]
                      [-q QUEUES] [-s] [--stderr STDERR] [--stdout STDOUT]
                      [-u UMASK] [--without-gossip] [--without-mingle]
Named Arguments
-a, --autoscale

Minimum and Maximum number of worker to autoscale

-H, --celery-hostname

Set the hostname of celery worker if you have multiple workers on a single machine

-c, --concurrency

The number of worker processes

Default: 16

-D, --daemon

Daemonize instead of running in the foreground

Default: False

-l, --log-file

Location of the log file

--pid

PID file location

-q, --queues

Comma delimited list of queues to serve

Default: “default”

-s, --skip-serve-logs

Don’t start the serve logs process along with the workers

Default: False

--stderr

Redirect stderr to this file

--stdout

Redirect stdout to this file

-u, --umask

Set the umask of celery worker in daemon mode

Default: “0o077”

--without-gossip

Don’t subscribe to other workers events

Default: False

--without-mingle

Don’t synchronize with other workers at start-up

Default: False

cheat-sheet

Display cheat sheet

airflow cheat-sheet [-h] [-v]
Named Arguments
-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

config

View configuration

airflow config [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: get-value, list

Sub-commands:
get-value

Print the value of the configuration

airflow config get-value [-h] section option
Positional Arguments
section

The section name

option

The option name

list

List options for the configuration

airflow config list [-h] [--color {on,off,auto}]
Named Arguments
--color

Possible choices: on, off, auto

Do emit colored output (default: auto)

Default: “auto”

connections

Manage connections

airflow connections [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: add, delete, export, get, import, list

Sub-commands:
add

Add a connection

airflow connections add [-h] [--conn-description CONN_DESCRIPTION]
                        [--conn-extra CONN_EXTRA] [--conn-host CONN_HOST]
                        [--conn-login CONN_LOGIN]
                        [--conn-password CONN_PASSWORD]
                        [--conn-port CONN_PORT] [--conn-schema CONN_SCHEMA]
                        [--conn-type CONN_TYPE] [--conn-uri CONN_URI]
                        conn_id
Positional Arguments
conn_id

Connection id, required to get/add/delete a connection

Named Arguments
--conn-description

Connection description, optional when adding a connection

--conn-extra

Connection Extra field, optional when adding a connection

--conn-host

Connection host, optional when adding a connection

--conn-login

Connection login, optional when adding a connection

--conn-password

Connection password, optional when adding a connection

--conn-port

Connection port, optional when adding a connection

--conn-schema

Connection schema, optional when adding a connection

--conn-type

Connection type, required to add a connection without conn_uri

--conn-uri

Connection URI, required to add a connection without conn_type

delete

Delete a connection

airflow connections delete [-h] [--color {on,off,auto}] conn_id
Positional Arguments
conn_id

Connection id, required to get/add/delete a connection

Named Arguments
--color

Possible choices: on, off, auto

Do emit colored output (default: auto)

Default: “auto”

export

All connections can be exported in STDOUT using the following command: airflow connections export - The file format can be determined by the provided file extension. eg, The following command will export the connections in JSON format: airflow connections export /tmp/connections.json The –format parameter can be used to mention the connections format. eg, the default format is JSON in STDOUT mode, which can be overridden using: airflow connections export - –format yaml The –format parameter can also be used for the files, for example: airflow connections export /tmp/connections –format json

airflow connections export [-h] [--format {json,yaml,env}] file
Positional Arguments
file

Output file path for exporting the connections

Named Arguments
--format

Possible choices: json, yaml, env

Format of the connections data in file

get

Get a connection

airflow connections get [-h] [--color {on,off,auto}]
                        [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
                        conn_id
Positional Arguments
conn_id

Connection id, required to get/add/delete a connection

Named Arguments
--color

Possible choices: on, off, auto

Do emit colored output (default: auto)

Default: “auto”

-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

import

Connections can be imported from the output of the export command. The filetype must by json, yaml or env and will be automatically inferred.

airflow connections import [-h] file
Positional Arguments
file

Import connections from a file

list

List connections

airflow connections list [-h] [--conn-id CONN_ID]
                         [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
--conn-id

If passed, only items with the specified connection ID will be displayed

-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

dags

Manage DAGs

airflow dags [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: backfill, delete, list, list-jobs, list-runs, next-execution, pause, report, show, state, test, trigger, unpause

Sub-commands:
backfill

Run subsections of a DAG for a specified date range. If reset_dag_run option is used, backfill will first prompt users whether airflow should clear all the previous dag_run and task_instances within the backfill date range. If rerun_failed_tasks is used, backfill will auto re-run the previous failed task instances within the backfill date range

airflow dags backfill [-h] [-c CONF] [--delay-on-limit DELAY_ON_LIMIT] [-x]
                      [-n] [-e END_DATE] [-i] [-I] [-l] [-m] [--pool POOL]
                      [--rerun-failed-tasks] [--reset-dagruns] [-B]
                      [-s START_DATE] [-S SUBDIR] [-t TASK_REGEX] [-v] [-y]
                      dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-c, --conf

JSON string that gets pickled into the DagRun’s conf attribute

--delay-on-limit

Amount of time in seconds to wait when the limit on maximum active dag runs (max_active_runs) has been reached before trying to execute a dag run again

Default: 1.0

-x, --donot-pickle

Do not attempt to pickle the DAG object to send over to the workers, just tell the workers to run their version of the code

Default: False

-n, --dry-run

Perform a dry run for each task. Only renders Template Fields for each task, nothing else

Default: False

-e, --end-date

Override end_date YYYY-MM-DD

-i, --ignore-dependencies

Skip upstream tasks, run only the tasks matching the regexp. Only works in conjunction with task_regex

Default: False

-I, --ignore-first-depends-on-past

Ignores depends_on_past dependencies for the first set of tasks only (subsequent executions in the backfill DO respect depends_on_past)

Default: False

-l, --local

Run the task using the LocalExecutor

Default: False

-m, --mark-success

Mark jobs as succeeded without running them

Default: False

--pool

Resource pool to use

--rerun-failed-tasks

if set, the backfill will auto-rerun all the failed tasks for the backfill date range instead of throwing exceptions

Default: False

--reset-dagruns

if set, the backfill will delete existing backfill-related DAG runs and start anew with fresh, running DAG runs

Default: False

-B, --run-backwards

if set, the backfill will run tasks from the most recent day first. if there are tasks that depend_on_past this option will throw an exception

Default: False

-s, --start-date

Override start_date YYYY-MM-DD

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-t, --task-regex

The regex to filter specific task_ids to backfill (optional)

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

-y, --yes

Do not prompt to confirm reset. Use with care!

Default: False

delete

Delete all DB records related to the specified DAG

airflow dags delete [-h] [-y] dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-y, --yes

Do not prompt to confirm reset. Use with care!

Default: False

list

List all the DAGs

airflow dags list [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-S SUBDIR] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

list-jobs

List the jobs

airflow dags list-jobs [-h] [-d DAG_ID] [--limit LIMIT]
                       [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [--state STATE] [-v]
Named Arguments
-d, --dag-id

The id of the dag

--limit

Return a limited number of records

-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

--state

Only list the dag runs corresponding to the state

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

list-runs

List DAG runs given a DAG id. If state option is given, it will only search for all the dagruns with the given state. If no_backfill option is given, it will filter out all backfill dagruns for given dag id. If start_date is given, it will filter out all the dagruns that were executed before this date. If end_date is given, it will filter out all the dagruns that were executed after this date.

airflow dags list-runs [-h] [-d DAG_ID] [-e END_DATE] [--no-backfill]
                       [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-s START_DATE]
                       [--state STATE] [-v]
Named Arguments
-d, --dag-id

The id of the dag

-e, --end-date

Override end_date YYYY-MM-DD

--no-backfill

filter all the backfill dagruns given the dag id

Default: False

-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-s, --start-date

Override start_date YYYY-MM-DD

--state

Only list the dag runs corresponding to the state

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

next-execution

Get the next execution datetimes of a DAG. It returns one execution unless the num-executions option is given

airflow dags next-execution [-h] [-n NUM_EXECUTIONS] [-S SUBDIR] dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-n, --num-executions

The number of next execution datetimes to show

Default: 1

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

pause

Pause a DAG

airflow dags pause [-h] [-S SUBDIR] dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

report

Show DagBag loading report

airflow dags report [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-S SUBDIR] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

show

The –imgcat option only works in iTerm.

For more information, see: https://www.iterm2.com/documentation-images.html

The –save option saves the result to the indicated file.

The file format is determined by the file extension. For more information about supported format, see: https://www.graphviz.org/doc/info/output.html

If you want to create a PNG file then you should execute the following command: airflow dags show <DAG_ID> –save output.png

If you want to create a DOT file then you should execute the following command: airflow dags show <DAG_ID> –save output.dot

airflow dags show [-h] [--imgcat] [-s SAVE] [-S SUBDIR] dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
--imgcat

Displays graph using the imgcat tool.

Default: False

-s, --save

Saves the result to the indicated file.

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

state

Get the status of a dag run

airflow dags state [-h] [-S SUBDIR] dag_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

test

Execute one single DagRun for a given DAG and execution date, using the DebugExecutor.

The –imgcat-dagrun option only works in iTerm.

For more information, see: https://www.iterm2.com/documentation-images.html

If –save-dagrun is used, then, after completing the backfill, saves the diagram for current DAG Run to the indicated file. The file format is determined by the file extension. For more information about supported format, see: https://www.graphviz.org/doc/info/output.html

If you want to create a PNG file then you should execute the following command: airflow dags test <DAG_ID> <EXECUTION_DATE> –save-dagrun output.png

If you want to create a DOT file then you should execute the following command: airflow dags test <DAG_ID> <EXECUTION_DATE> –save-dagrun output.dot

airflow dags test [-h] [--imgcat-dagrun] [--save-dagrun SAVE_DAGRUN]
                  [--show-dagrun] [-S SUBDIR]
                  dag_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
--imgcat-dagrun

After completing the dag run, prints a diagram on the screen for the current DAG Run using the imgcat tool.

Default: False

--save-dagrun

After completing the backfill, saves the diagram for current DAG Run to the indicated file.

--show-dagrun

After completing the backfill, shows the diagram for current DAG Run.

The diagram is in DOT language

Default: False

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

trigger

Trigger a DAG run

airflow dags trigger [-h] [-c CONF] [-e EXEC_DATE] [-r RUN_ID] [-S SUBDIR]
                     dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-c, --conf

JSON string that gets pickled into the DagRun’s conf attribute

-e, --exec-date

The execution date of the DAG

-r, --run-id

Helps to identify this run

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

unpause

Resume a paused DAG

airflow dags unpause [-h] [-S SUBDIR] dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

db

Database operations

airflow db [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: check, check-migrations, init, reset, shell, upgrade

Sub-commands:
check

Check if the database can be reached

airflow db check [-h]
check-migrations

Check if migration have finished (or continually check until timeout)

airflow db check-migrations [-h] [-t MIGRATION_WAIT_TIMEOUT]
Named Arguments
-t, --migration-wait-timeout

timeout to wait for db to migrate

Default: 0

init

Initialize the metadata database

airflow db init [-h]
reset

Burn down and rebuild the metadata database

airflow db reset [-h] [-y]
Named Arguments
-y, --yes

Do not prompt to confirm reset. Use with care!

Default: False

shell

Runs a shell to access the database

airflow db shell [-h]
upgrade

Upgrade the metadata database to latest version

airflow db upgrade [-h]

info

Show information about current Airflow and environment

airflow info [-h] [--anonymize] [--file-io] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
--anonymize

Minimize any personal identifiable information. Use it when sharing output with others.

Default: False

--file-io

Send output to file.io service and returns link.

Default: False

-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

jobs

Manage jobs

airflow jobs [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: check

Sub-commands:
check

Checks if job(s) are still alive

airflow jobs check [-h] [--allow-multiple] [--hostname HOSTNAME]
                   [--job-type {BackfillJob,LocalTaskJob,SchedulerJob}]
                   [--limit LIMIT]
Named Arguments
--allow-multiple

If passed, this command will be successful even if multiple matching alive jobs are found.

Default: False

--hostname

The hostname of job(s) that will be checked.

--job-type

Possible choices: BackfillJob, LocalTaskJob, SchedulerJob

The type of job(s) that will be checked.

--limit

The number of recent jobs that will be checked. To disable limit, set 0.

Default: 1

examples: To check if the local scheduler is still working properly, run:

$ airflow jobs check –job-type SchedulerJob –hostname “$(hostname)”

To check if any scheduler is running when you are using high availability, run:

$ airflow jobs check –job-type SchedulerJob –allow-multiple –limit 100

kerberos

Start a kerberos ticket renewer

airflow kerberos [-h] [-D] [-k [KEYTAB]] [-l LOG_FILE] [--pid [PID]]
                 [--stderr STDERR] [--stdout STDOUT]
                 [principal]
Positional Arguments
principal

kerberos principal

Named Arguments
-D, --daemon

Daemonize instead of running in the foreground

Default: False

-k, --keytab

keytab

Default: “airflow.keytab”

-l, --log-file

Location of the log file

--pid

PID file location

--stderr

Redirect stderr to this file

--stdout

Redirect stdout to this file

kubernetes

Tools to help run the KubernetesExecutor

airflow kubernetes [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: cleanup-pods, generate-dag-yaml

Sub-commands:
cleanup-pods

Clean up Kubernetes pods (created by KubernetesExecutor/KubernetesPodOperator) in evicted/failed/succeeded states

airflow kubernetes cleanup-pods [-h] [--namespace NAMESPACE]
Named Arguments
--namespace

Kubernetes Namespace. Default value is [kubernetes] namespace in configuration.

Default: “default”

generate-dag-yaml

Generate YAML files for all tasks in DAG. Useful for debugging tasks without launching into a cluster

airflow kubernetes generate-dag-yaml [-h] [-o OUTPUT_PATH] [-S SUBDIR]
                                     dag_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-o, --output-path

The output for generated yaml files

Default: “[CWD]”

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

plugins

Dump information about loaded plugins

airflow plugins [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

pools

Manage pools

airflow pools [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: delete, export, get, import, list, set

Sub-commands:
delete

Delete pool

airflow pools delete [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v] NAME
Positional Arguments
NAME

Pool name

Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

export

Export all pools

airflow pools export [-h] FILEPATH
Positional Arguments
FILEPATH

Export all pools to JSON file

get

Get pool size

airflow pools get [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v] NAME
Positional Arguments
NAME

Pool name

Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

import

Import pools

airflow pools import [-h] [-v] FILEPATH
Positional Arguments
FILEPATH

Import pools from JSON file

Named Arguments
-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

list

List pools

airflow pools list [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

set

Configure pool

airflow pools set [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
                  NAME slots description
Positional Arguments
NAME

Pool name

slots

Pool slots

description

Pool description

Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

providers

Display providers

airflow providers [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: behaviours, get, hooks, links, list, widgets

Sub-commands:
behaviours

Get information about registered connection types with custom behaviours

airflow providers behaviours [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

get

Get detailed information about a provider

airflow providers get [-h] [--color {on,off,auto}] [-f]
                      [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
                      provider_name
Positional Arguments
provider_name

Provider name, required to get provider information

Named Arguments
--color

Possible choices: on, off, auto

Do emit colored output (default: auto)

Default: “auto”

-f, --full

Full information about the provider, including documentation information.

Default: False

-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

hooks

List registered provider hooks

airflow providers hooks [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

list

List installed providers

airflow providers list [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

widgets

Get information about registered connection form widgets

airflow providers widgets [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

roles

Manage roles

airflow roles [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: create, list

Sub-commands:
create

Create role

airflow roles create [-h] [-v] [role [role ...]]
Positional Arguments
role

The name of a role

Named Arguments
-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

list

List roles

airflow roles list [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

rotate-fernet-key

Rotate all encrypted connection credentials and variables; see https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/stable/howto/secure-connections.html#rotating-encryption-keys

airflow rotate-fernet-key [-h]

scheduler

Start a scheduler instance

airflow scheduler [-h] [-D] [-p] [-l LOG_FILE] [-n NUM_RUNS] [--pid [PID]]
                  [-s] [--stderr STDERR] [--stdout STDOUT] [-S SUBDIR]
Named Arguments
-D, --daemon

Daemonize instead of running in the foreground

Default: False

-p, --do-pickle

Attempt to pickle the DAG object to send over to the workers, instead of letting workers run their version of the code

Default: False

-l, --log-file

Location of the log file

-n, --num-runs

Set the number of runs to execute before exiting

Default: -1

--pid

PID file location

-s, --skip-serve-logs

Don’t start the serve logs process along with the workers

Default: False

--stderr

Redirect stderr to this file

--stdout

Redirect stdout to this file

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

Signals:

  • SIGUSR2: Dump a snapshot of task state being tracked by the executor.

    Example:

    pkill -f -USR2 “airflow scheduler”

sync-perm

Update permissions for existing roles and optionally DAGs

airflow sync-perm [-h] [--include-dags]
Named Arguments
--include-dags

If passed, DAG specific permissions will also be synced.

Default: False

tasks

Manage tasks

airflow tasks [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: clear, failed-deps, list, render, run, state, states-for-dag-run, test

Sub-commands:
clear

Clear a set of task instance, as if they never ran

airflow tasks clear [-h] [-R] [-d] [-e END_DATE] [-X] [-x] [-f] [-r]
                    [-s START_DATE] [-S SUBDIR] [-t TASK_REGEX] [-u] [-y]
                    dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-R, --dag-regex

Search dag_id as regex instead of exact string

Default: False

-d, --downstream

Include downstream tasks

Default: False

-e, --end-date

Override end_date YYYY-MM-DD

-X, --exclude-parentdag

Exclude ParentDAGS if the task cleared is a part of a SubDAG

Default: False

-x, --exclude-subdags

Exclude subdags

Default: False

-f, --only-failed

Only failed jobs

Default: False

-r, --only-running

Only running jobs

Default: False

-s, --start-date

Override start_date YYYY-MM-DD

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-t, --task-regex

The regex to filter specific task_ids to backfill (optional)

-u, --upstream

Include upstream tasks

Default: False

-y, --yes

Do not prompt to confirm reset. Use with care!

Default: False

failed-deps

Returns the unmet dependencies for a task instance from the perspective of the scheduler. In other words, why a task instance doesn’t get scheduled and then queued by the scheduler, and then run by an executor.

airflow tasks failed-deps [-h] [-S SUBDIR] dag_id task_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

task_id

The id of the task

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

list

List the tasks within a DAG

airflow tasks list [-h] [-S SUBDIR] [-t] [-v] dag_id
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-t, --tree

Tree view

Default: False

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

render

Render a task instance’s template(s)

airflow tasks render [-h] [-S SUBDIR] [-v] dag_id task_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

task_id

The id of the task

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

run

Run a single task instance

airflow tasks run [-h] [--cfg-path CFG_PATH] [--error-file ERROR_FILE] [-f]
                  [-A] [-i] [-I] [-N] [-l] [-m] [-p PICKLE] [--pool POOL]
                  [--ship-dag] [-S SUBDIR]
                  dag_id task_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

task_id

The id of the task

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
--cfg-path

Path to config file to use instead of airflow.cfg

--error-file

File to store task failure error

-f, --force

Ignore previous task instance state, rerun regardless if task already succeeded/failed

Default: False

-A, --ignore-all-dependencies

Ignores all non-critical dependencies, including ignore_ti_state and ignore_task_deps

Default: False

-i, --ignore-dependencies

Ignore task-specific dependencies, e.g. upstream, depends_on_past, and retry delay dependencies

Default: False

-I, --ignore-depends-on-past

Ignore depends_on_past dependencies (but respect upstream dependencies)

Default: False

-N, --interactive

Do not capture standard output and error streams (useful for interactive debugging)

Default: False

-l, --local

Run the task using the LocalExecutor

Default: False

-m, --mark-success

Mark jobs as succeeded without running them

Default: False

-p, --pickle

Serialized pickle object of the entire dag (used internally)

--pool

Resource pool to use

--ship-dag

Pickles (serializes) the DAG and ships it to the worker

Default: False

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

state

Get the status of a task instance

airflow tasks state [-h] [-S SUBDIR] [-v] dag_id task_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

task_id

The id of the task

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

states-for-dag-run

Get the status of all task instances in a dag run

airflow tasks states-for-dag-run [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
                                 dag_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

test

Test a task instance. This will run a task without checking for dependencies or recording its state in the database

airflow tasks test [-h] [-n] [--env-vars ENV_VARS] [-m] [-S SUBDIR]
                   [-t TASK_PARAMS]
                   dag_id task_id execution_date
Positional Arguments
dag_id

The id of the dag

task_id

The id of the task

execution_date

The execution date of the DAG

Named Arguments
-n, --dry-run

Perform a dry run for each task. Only renders Template Fields for each task, nothing else

Default: False

--env-vars

Set env var in both parsing time and runtime for each of entry supplied in a JSON dict

-m, --post-mortem

Open debugger on uncaught exception

Default: False

-S, --subdir

File location or directory from which to look for the dag. Defaults to ‘[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags’ where [AIRFLOW_HOME] is the value you set for ‘AIRFLOW_HOME’ config you set in ‘airflow.cfg’

Default: “[AIRFLOW_HOME]/dags”

-t, --task-params

Sends a JSON params dict to the task

users

Manage users

airflow users [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: add-role, create, delete, export, import, list, remove-role

Sub-commands:
add-role

Add role to a user

airflow users add-role [-h] [-e EMAIL] -r ROLE [-u USERNAME]
Named Arguments
-e, --email

Email of the user

-r, --role

Role of the user. Existing roles include Admin, User, Op, Viewer, and Public

-u, --username

Username of the user

create

Create a user

airflow users create [-h] -e EMAIL -f FIRSTNAME -l LASTNAME [-p PASSWORD] -r
                     ROLE [--use-random-password] -u USERNAME
Named Arguments
-e, --email

Email of the user

-f, --firstname

First name of the user

-l, --lastname

Last name of the user

-p, --password

Password of the user, required to create a user without –use-random-password

-r, --role

Role of the user. Existing roles include Admin, User, Op, Viewer, and Public

--use-random-password

Do not prompt for password. Use random string instead. Required to create a user without –password

Default: False

-u, --username

Username of the user

examples: To create an user with “Admin” role and username equals to “admin”, run:

$ airflow users create

–username admin –firstname FIRST_NAME –lastname LAST_NAME –role Admin –email admin@example.org

delete

Delete a user

airflow users delete [-h] -u USERNAME
Named Arguments
-u, --username

Username of the user

export

Export all users

airflow users export [-h] FILEPATH
Positional Arguments
FILEPATH

Export all users to JSON file

import

Import users

airflow users import [-h] FILEPATH
Positional Arguments
FILEPATH

Import users from JSON file. Example format:

[
    {
        "email": "foo@bar.org",
        "firstname": "Jon",
        "lastname": "Doe",
        "roles": ["Public"],
        "username": "jondoe"
    }
]
list

List users

airflow users list [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

remove-role

Remove role from a user

airflow users remove-role [-h] [-e EMAIL] -r ROLE [-u USERNAME]
Named Arguments
-e, --email

Email of the user

-r, --role

Role of the user. Existing roles include Admin, User, Op, Viewer, and Public

-u, --username

Username of the user

variables

Manage variables

airflow variables [-h] COMMAND ...
Positional Arguments
COMMAND

Possible choices: delete, export, get, import, list, set

Sub-commands:
delete

Delete variable

airflow variables delete [-h] key
Positional Arguments
key

Variable key

export

Export all variables

airflow variables export [-h] file
Positional Arguments
file

Export all variables to JSON file

get

Get variable

airflow variables get [-h] [-d VAL] [-j] [-v] key
Positional Arguments
key

Variable key

Named Arguments
-d, --default

Default value returned if variable does not exist

-j, --json

Deserialize JSON variable

Default: False

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

import

Import variables

airflow variables import [-h] file
Positional Arguments
file

Import variables from JSON file

list

List variables

airflow variables list [-h] [-o table, json, yaml, plain] [-v]
Named Arguments
-o, --output

Possible choices: table, json, yaml, plain

Output format. Allowed values: json, yaml, plain, table (default: table)

Default: “table”

-v, --verbose

Make logging output more verbose

Default: False

set

Set variable

airflow variables set [-h] [-j] key VALUE
Positional Arguments
key

Variable key

VALUE

Variable value

Named Arguments
-j, --json

Deserialize JSON variable

Default: False

version

Show the version

airflow version [-h]

webserver

Start a Airflow webserver instance

airflow webserver [-h] [-A ACCESS_LOGFILE] [-L ACCESS_LOGFORMAT] [-D] [-d]
                  [-E ERROR_LOGFILE] [-H HOSTNAME] [-l LOG_FILE] [--pid [PID]]
                  [-p PORT] [--ssl-cert SSL_CERT] [--ssl-key SSL_KEY]
                  [--stderr STDERR] [--stdout STDOUT] [-t WORKER_TIMEOUT]
                  [-k {sync,eventlet,gevent,tornado}] [-w WORKERS]
Named Arguments
-A, --access-logfile

The logfile to store the webserver access log. Use ‘-‘ to print to stderr

Default: “-“

-L, --access-logformat

The access log format for gunicorn logs

Default: “”

-D, --daemon

Daemonize instead of running in the foreground

Default: False

-d, --debug

Use the server that ships with Flask in debug mode

Default: False

-E, --error-logfile

The logfile to store the webserver error log. Use ‘-‘ to print to stderr

Default: “-“

-H, --hostname

Set the hostname on which to run the web server

Default: “0.0.0.0”

-l, --log-file

Location of the log file

--pid

PID file location

-p, --port

The port on which to run the server

Default: 8080

--ssl-cert

Path to the SSL certificate for the webserver

Default: “”

--ssl-key

Path to the key to use with the SSL certificate

Default: “”

--stderr

Redirect stderr to this file

--stdout

Redirect stdout to this file

-t, --worker-timeout

The timeout for waiting on webserver workers

Default: 120

-k, --workerclass

Possible choices: sync, eventlet, gevent, tornado

The worker class to use for Gunicorn

Default: “sync”

-w, --workers

Number of workers to run the webserver on

Default: 4

Environment Variables

AIRFLOW__{SECTION}__{KEY}

Sets options in the Airflow configuration. This takes priority over the value in the airflow.cfg file.

Replace the {SECTION} placeholder with any section and the {KEY} placeholder with any key in that specified section.

For example, if you want to set the dags_folder options in [core] section, then you should set the AIRFLOW__CORE__DAGS_FOLDER environment variable.

For more information, see: Setting Configuration Options.

AIRFLOW__{SECTION}__{KEY}_CMD

For any specific key in a section in Airflow, execute the command the key is pointing to. The result of the command is used as a value of the AIRFLOW__{SECTION}__{KEY} environment variable.

This is only supported by the following config options:

  • sql_alchemy_conn in [core] section

  • fernet_key in [core] section

  • broker_url in [celery] section

  • flower_basic_auth in [celery] section

  • result_backend in [celery] section

  • password in [atlas] section

  • smtp_password in [smtp] section

  • secret_key in [webserver] section

AIRFLOW__{SECTION}__{KEY}_SECRET

For any specific key in a section in Airflow, retrieve the secret from the configured secrets backend. The returned value will be used as the value of the AIRFLOW__{SECTION}__{KEY} environment variable.

See Secrets Backends for more information on available secrets backends.

This form of environment variable configuration is only supported for the same subset of config options as AIRFLOW__{SECTION}__{KEY}_CMD

AIRFLOW_CONFIG

The path to the Airflow configuration file.

AIRFLOW_CONN_{CONN_ID}

Defines a new connection with the name {CONN_ID} using the URI value.

For example, if you want to create a connection named PROXY_POSTGRES_TCP, you can create a key AIRFLOW_CONN_PROXY_POSTGRES_TCP with the connection URI as the value.

For more information, see: Storing a Connection in Environment Variables.

AIRFLOW_HOME

The root directory for the Airflow content. This is the default parent directory for Airflow assets such as DAGs and logs.

AIRFLOW_VAR_{KEY}

Defines an Airflow variable. Replace the {KEY} placeholder with the variable name.

For more information, see: Managing Variables.

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