Source code for airflow.models.dag

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
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from __future__ import print_function

import copy
import functools
import os
import pickle
import re
import sys
import traceback
import warnings
from collections import OrderedDict, defaultdict
from datetime import timedelta, datetime
from typing import Union, Optional, Iterable, Dict, Type, Callable, List, TYPE_CHECKING

import jinja2
import pendulum
import six
from croniter import croniter
from dateutil.relativedelta import relativedelta
from future.standard_library import install_aliases
from sqlalchemy import Column, String, Boolean, Integer, Text, func, or_

from airflow import settings, utils
from airflow.configuration import conf
from airflow.dag.base_dag import BaseDag
from airflow.exceptions import AirflowException, AirflowDagCycleException
from airflow.executors import LocalExecutor, get_default_executor
from airflow.models.base import Base, ID_LEN
from airflow.models.dagbag import DagBag
from airflow.models.dagpickle import DagPickle
from airflow.models.dagrun import DagRun
from airflow.models.taskinstance import TaskInstance, clear_task_instances
from airflow.utils import timezone
from airflow.utils.dates import cron_presets, date_range as utils_date_range
from airflow.utils.db import provide_session
from airflow.utils.helpers import validate_key
from airflow.utils.log.logging_mixin import LoggingMixin
from airflow.utils.sqlalchemy import UtcDateTime, Interval
from airflow.utils.state import State

    from airflow.models.baseoperator import BaseOperator  # Avoid circular dependency


[docs]ScheduleInterval = Union[str, timedelta, relativedelta]
[docs]def get_last_dagrun(dag_id, session, include_externally_triggered=False): """ Returns the last dag run for a dag, None if there was none. Last dag run can be any type of run eg. scheduled or backfilled. Overridden DagRuns are ignored. """ DR = DagRun query = session.query(DR).filter(DR.dag_id == dag_id) if not include_externally_triggered: query = query.filter(DR.external_trigger == False) # noqa query = query.order_by(DR.execution_date.desc()) return query.first()
[docs]@functools.total_ordering class DAG(BaseDag, LoggingMixin): """ A dag (directed acyclic graph) is a collection of tasks with directional dependencies. A dag also has a schedule, a start date and an end date (optional). For each schedule, (say daily or hourly), the DAG needs to run each individual tasks as their dependencies are met. Certain tasks have the property of depending on their own past, meaning that they can't run until their previous schedule (and upstream tasks) are completed. DAGs essentially act as namespaces for tasks. A task_id can only be added once to a DAG. :param dag_id: The id of the DAG :type dag_id: str :param description: The description for the DAG to e.g. be shown on the webserver :type description: str :param schedule_interval: Defines how often that DAG runs, this timedelta object gets added to your latest task instance's execution_date to figure out the next schedule :type schedule_interval: datetime.timedelta or dateutil.relativedelta.relativedelta or str that acts as a cron expression :param start_date: The timestamp from which the scheduler will attempt to backfill :type start_date: datetime.datetime :param end_date: A date beyond which your DAG won't run, leave to None for open ended scheduling :type end_date: datetime.datetime :param template_searchpath: This list of folders (non relative) defines where jinja will look for your templates. Order matters. Note that jinja/airflow includes the path of your DAG file by default :type template_searchpath: str or list[str] :param template_undefined: Template undefined type. :type template_undefined: jinja2.Undefined :param user_defined_macros: a dictionary of macros that will be exposed in your jinja templates. For example, passing ``dict(foo='bar')`` to this argument allows you to ``{{ foo }}`` in all jinja templates related to this DAG. Note that you can pass any type of object here. :type user_defined_macros: dict :param user_defined_filters: a dictionary of filters that will be exposed in your jinja templates. For example, passing ``dict(hello=lambda name: 'Hello %s' % name)`` to this argument allows you to ``{{ 'world' | hello }}`` in all jinja templates related to this DAG. :type user_defined_filters: dict :param default_args: A dictionary of default parameters to be used as constructor keyword parameters when initialising operators. Note that operators have the same hook, and precede those defined here, meaning that if your dict contains `'depends_on_past': True` here and `'depends_on_past': False` in the operator's call `default_args`, the actual value will be `False`. :type default_args: dict :param params: a dictionary of DAG level parameters that are made accessible in templates, namespaced under `params`. These params can be overridden at the task level. :type params: dict :param concurrency: the number of task instances allowed to run concurrently :type concurrency: int :param max_active_runs: maximum number of active DAG runs, beyond this number of DAG runs in a running state, the scheduler won't create new active DAG runs :type max_active_runs: int :param dagrun_timeout: specify how long a DagRun should be up before timing out / failing, so that new DagRuns can be created. The timeout is only enforced for scheduled DagRuns, and only once the # of active DagRuns == max_active_runs. :type dagrun_timeout: datetime.timedelta :param sla_miss_callback: specify a function to call when reporting SLA timeouts. :type sla_miss_callback: types.FunctionType :param default_view: Specify DAG default view (tree, graph, duration, gantt, landing_times) :type default_view: str :param orientation: Specify DAG orientation in graph view (LR, TB, RL, BT) :type orientation: str :param catchup: Perform scheduler catchup (or only run latest)? Defaults to True :type catchup: bool :param on_failure_callback: A function to be called when a DagRun of this dag fails. A context dictionary is passed as a single parameter to this function. :type on_failure_callback: callable :param on_success_callback: Much like the ``on_failure_callback`` except that it is executed when the dag succeeds. :type on_success_callback: callable :param access_control: Specify optional DAG-level permissions, e.g., "{'role1': {'can_dag_read'}, 'role2': {'can_dag_read', 'can_dag_edit'}}" :type access_control: dict :param is_paused_upon_creation: Specifies if the dag is paused when created for the first time. If the dag exists already, this flag will be ignored. If this optional parameter is not specified, the global config setting will be used. :type is_paused_upon_creation: bool or None :param jinja_environment_kwargs: additional configuration options to be passed to Jinja ``Environment`` for template rendering **Example**: to avoid Jinja from removing a trailing newline from template strings :: DAG(dag_id='my-dag', jinja_environment_kwargs={ 'keep_trailing_newline': True, # some other jinja2 Environment options here } ) **See**: `Jinja Environment documentation <>`_ :type jinja_environment_kwargs: dict """
[docs] _comps = { 'dag_id', 'task_ids', 'parent_dag', 'start_date', 'schedule_interval', 'full_filepath', 'template_searchpath', 'last_loaded',
} def __init__( self, dag_id, # type: str description='', # type: str schedule_interval=timedelta(days=1), # type: Optional[ScheduleInterval] start_date=None, # type: Optional[datetime] end_date=None, # type: Optional[datetime] full_filepath=None, # type: Optional[str] template_searchpath=None, # type: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] template_undefined=jinja2.Undefined, # type: Type[jinja2.Undefined] user_defined_macros=None, # type: Optional[Dict] user_defined_filters=None, # type: Optional[Dict] default_args=None, # type: Optional[Dict] concurrency=conf.getint('core', 'dag_concurrency'), # type: int max_active_runs=conf.getint( 'core', 'max_active_runs_per_dag'), # type: int dagrun_timeout=None, # type: Optional[timedelta] sla_miss_callback=None, # type: Optional[Callable] default_view=None, # type: Optional[str] orientation=conf.get('webserver', 'dag_orientation'), # type: str catchup=conf.getboolean('scheduler', 'catchup_by_default'), # type: bool on_success_callback=None, # type: Optional[Callable] on_failure_callback=None, # type: Optional[Callable] doc_md=None, # type: Optional[str] params=None, # type: Optional[Dict] access_control=None, # type: Optional[Dict] is_paused_upon_creation=None, # type: Optional[bool] jinja_environment_kwargs=None, # type: Optional[Dict] ): self.user_defined_macros = user_defined_macros self.user_defined_filters = user_defined_filters self.default_args = copy.deepcopy(default_args or {}) self.params = params or {} # merging potentially conflicting default_args['params'] into params if 'params' in self.default_args: self.params.update(self.default_args['params']) del self.default_args['params'] validate_key(dag_id) # Properties from BaseDag self._dag_id = dag_id self._full_filepath = full_filepath if full_filepath else '' self._concurrency = concurrency self._pickle_id = None self._description = description # set file location to caller source path self.fileloc = sys._getframe().f_back.f_code.co_filename self.task_dict = dict() # type: Dict[str, BaseOperator] # set timezone from start_date if start_date and start_date.tzinfo: self.timezone = start_date.tzinfo elif 'start_date' in self.default_args and self.default_args['start_date']: if isinstance(self.default_args['start_date'], six.string_types): self.default_args['start_date'] = ( timezone.parse(self.default_args['start_date']) ) self.timezone = self.default_args['start_date'].tzinfo if not hasattr(self, 'timezone') or not self.timezone: self.timezone = settings.TIMEZONE # Apply the timezone we settled on to end_date if it wasn't supplied if 'end_date' in self.default_args and self.default_args['end_date']: if isinstance(self.default_args['end_date'], six.string_types): self.default_args['end_date'] = ( timezone.parse(self.default_args['end_date'], timezone=self.timezone) ) self.start_date = timezone.convert_to_utc(start_date) self.end_date = timezone.convert_to_utc(end_date) # also convert tasks if 'start_date' in self.default_args: self.default_args['start_date'] = ( timezone.convert_to_utc(self.default_args['start_date']) ) if 'end_date' in self.default_args: self.default_args['end_date'] = ( timezone.convert_to_utc(self.default_args['end_date']) ) self.schedule_interval = schedule_interval if isinstance(schedule_interval, six.string_types) and schedule_interval in cron_presets: self._schedule_interval = cron_presets.get(schedule_interval) # type: Optional[ScheduleInterval] elif schedule_interval == '@once': self._schedule_interval = None else: self._schedule_interval = schedule_interval if isinstance(template_searchpath, six.string_types): template_searchpath = [template_searchpath] self.template_searchpath = template_searchpath self.template_undefined = template_undefined self.parent_dag = None # Gets set when DAGs are loaded self.last_loaded = timezone.utcnow() self.safe_dag_id = dag_id.replace('.', '__dot__') self.max_active_runs = max_active_runs self.dagrun_timeout = dagrun_timeout self.sla_miss_callback = sla_miss_callback self._default_view = default_view self.orientation = orientation self.catchup = catchup self.is_subdag = False # DagBag.bag_dag() will set this to True if appropriate self.partial = False self.on_success_callback = on_success_callback self.on_failure_callback = on_failure_callback self.doc_md = doc_md self._old_context_manager_dags = [] # type: Iterable[DAG] self._access_control = access_control self.is_paused_upon_creation = is_paused_upon_creation self.jinja_environment_kwargs = jinja_environment_kwargs
[docs] def __repr__(self): return "<DAG: {self.dag_id}>".format(self=self)
[docs] def __eq__(self, other): if (type(self) == type(other) and self.dag_id == other.dag_id): # Use getattr() instead of __dict__ as __dict__ doesn't return # correct values for properties. return all(getattr(self, c, None) == getattr(other, c, None) for c in self._comps) return False
[docs] def __ne__(self, other): return not self == other
[docs] def __lt__(self, other): return self.dag_id < other.dag_id
[docs] def __hash__(self): hash_components = [type(self)] for c in self._comps: # task_ids returns a list and lists can't be hashed if c == 'task_ids': val = tuple(self.task_dict.keys()) else: val = getattr(self, c, None) try: hash(val) hash_components.append(val) except TypeError: hash_components.append(repr(val)) return hash(tuple(hash_components))
# Context Manager -----------------------------------------------
[docs] def __enter__(self): self._old_context_manager_dags.append(settings.CONTEXT_MANAGER_DAG) settings.CONTEXT_MANAGER_DAG = self return self
[docs] def __exit__(self, _type, _value, _tb): settings.CONTEXT_MANAGER_DAG = self._old_context_manager_dags.pop()
# /Context Manager ----------------------------------------------
[docs] def get_default_view(self): """This is only there for backward compatible jinja2 templates""" if self._default_view is None: return conf.get('webserver', 'dag_default_view').lower() else: return self._default_view
[docs] def date_range(self, start_date, num=None, end_date=timezone.utcnow()): if num: end_date = None return utils_date_range( start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, num=num, delta=self._schedule_interval)
[docs] def is_fixed_time_schedule(self): """ Figures out if the DAG schedule has a fixed time (e.g. 3 AM). :return: True if the schedule has a fixed time, False if not. """ now = cron = croniter(self._schedule_interval, now) start = cron.get_next(datetime) cron_next = cron.get_next(datetime) if cron_next.minute == start.minute and cron_next.hour == start.hour: return True return False
[docs] def following_schedule(self, dttm): """ Calculates the following schedule for this dag in UTC. :param dttm: utc datetime :return: utc datetime """ if isinstance(self._schedule_interval, six.string_types): # we don't want to rely on the transitions created by # croniter as they are not always correct dttm = pendulum.instance(dttm) naive = timezone.make_naive(dttm, self.timezone) cron = croniter(self._schedule_interval, naive) # We assume that DST transitions happen on the minute/hour if not self.is_fixed_time_schedule(): # relative offset (eg. every 5 minutes) delta = cron.get_next(datetime) - naive following = dttm.in_timezone(self.timezone).add_timedelta(delta) else: # absolute (e.g. 3 AM) naive = cron.get_next(datetime) tz = pendulum.timezone( following = timezone.make_aware(naive, tz) return timezone.convert_to_utc(following) elif self._schedule_interval is not None: return dttm + self._schedule_interval
[docs] def previous_schedule(self, dttm): """ Calculates the previous schedule for this dag in UTC :param dttm: utc datetime :return: utc datetime """ if isinstance(self._schedule_interval, six.string_types): # we don't want to rely on the transitions created by # croniter as they are not always correct dttm = pendulum.instance(dttm) naive = timezone.make_naive(dttm, self.timezone) cron = croniter(self._schedule_interval, naive) # We assume that DST transitions happen on the minute/hour if not self.is_fixed_time_schedule(): # relative offset (eg. every 5 minutes) delta = naive - cron.get_prev(datetime) previous = dttm.in_timezone(self.timezone).subtract_timedelta(delta) else: # absolute (e.g. 3 AM) naive = cron.get_prev(datetime) tz = pendulum.timezone( previous = timezone.make_aware(naive, tz) return timezone.convert_to_utc(previous) elif self._schedule_interval is not None: return dttm - self._schedule_interval
[docs] def get_run_dates(self, start_date, end_date=None): """ Returns a list of dates between the interval received as parameter using this dag's schedule interval. Returned dates can be used for execution dates. :param start_date: the start date of the interval :type start_date: datetime :param end_date: the end date of the interval, defaults to timezone.utcnow() :type end_date: datetime :return: a list of dates within the interval following the dag's schedule :rtype: list """ run_dates = [] using_start_date = start_date using_end_date = end_date # dates for dag runs using_start_date = using_start_date or min([t.start_date for t in self.tasks]) using_end_date = using_end_date or timezone.utcnow() # next run date for a subdag isn't relevant (schedule_interval for subdags # is ignored) so we use the dag run's start date in the case of a subdag next_run_date = (self.normalize_schedule(using_start_date) if not self.is_subdag else using_start_date) while next_run_date and next_run_date <= using_end_date: run_dates.append(next_run_date) next_run_date = self.following_schedule(next_run_date) return run_dates
[docs] def normalize_schedule(self, dttm): """ Returns dttm + interval unless dttm is first interval then it returns dttm """ following = self.following_schedule(dttm) # in case of @once if not following: return dttm if self.previous_schedule(following) != dttm: return following return dttm
[docs] def get_last_dagrun(self, session=None, include_externally_triggered=False): return get_last_dagrun(self.dag_id, session=session, include_externally_triggered=include_externally_triggered)
[docs] def dag_id(self): return self._dag_id
@dag_id.setter def dag_id(self, value): self._dag_id = value @property
[docs] def full_filepath(self): return self._full_filepath
@full_filepath.setter def full_filepath(self, value): self._full_filepath = value @property
[docs] def concurrency(self): return self._concurrency
@concurrency.setter def concurrency(self, value): self._concurrency = value @property
[docs] def access_control(self): return self._access_control
@access_control.setter def access_control(self, value): self._access_control = value @property
[docs] def description(self): return self._description
[docs] def pickle_id(self): return self._pickle_id
@pickle_id.setter def pickle_id(self, value): self._pickle_id = value @property
[docs] def tasks(self): return list(self.task_dict.values())
@tasks.setter def tasks(self, val): raise AttributeError( 'DAG.tasks can not be modified. Use dag.add_task() instead.') @property
[docs] def task_ids(self): return list(self.task_dict.keys())
[docs] def filepath(self): """ File location of where the dag object is instantiated """ fn = self.full_filepath.replace(settings.DAGS_FOLDER + '/', '') fn = fn.replace(os.path.dirname(__file__) + '/', '') return fn
[docs] def folder(self): """Folder location of where the DAG object is instantiated.""" return os.path.dirname(self.full_filepath)
[docs] def owner(self): """ Return list of all owners found in DAG tasks. :return: Comma separated list of owners in DAG tasks :rtype: str """ return ", ".join({t.owner for t in self.tasks})
[docs] def _get_concurrency_reached(self, session=None): TI = TaskInstance qry = session.query(func.count(TI.task_id)).filter( TI.dag_id == self.dag_id, TI.state == State.RUNNING, ) return qry.scalar() >= self.concurrency
[docs] def concurrency_reached(self): """ Returns a boolean indicating whether the concurrency limit for this DAG has been reached """ return self._get_concurrency_reached()
[docs] def _get_is_paused(self, session=None): qry = session.query(DagModel).filter( DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id) return qry.value('is_paused')
[docs] def is_paused(self): """ Returns a boolean indicating whether this DAG is paused """ return self._get_is_paused()
[docs] def handle_callback(self, dagrun, success=True, reason=None, session=None): """ Triggers the appropriate callback depending on the value of success, namely the on_failure_callback or on_success_callback. This method gets the context of a single TaskInstance part of this DagRun and passes that to the callable along with a 'reason', primarily to differentiate DagRun failures. .. note: The logs end up in ``$AIRFLOW_HOME/logs/scheduler/latest/PROJECT/`` :param dagrun: DagRun object :param success: Flag to specify if failure or success callback should be called :param reason: Completion reason :param session: Database session """ callback = self.on_success_callback if success else self.on_failure_callback if callback:'Executing dag callback function: {}'.format(callback)) tis = dagrun.get_task_instances() ti = tis[-1] # get first TaskInstance of DagRun ti.task = self.get_task(ti.task_id) context = ti.get_template_context(session=session) context.update({'reason': reason}) callback(context)
[docs] def get_active_runs(self): """ Returns a list of dag run execution dates currently running :return: List of execution dates """ runs = DagRun.find(dag_id=self.dag_id, state=State.RUNNING) active_dates = [] for run in runs: active_dates.append(run.execution_date) return active_dates
[docs] def get_num_active_runs(self, external_trigger=None, session=None): """ Returns the number of active "running" dag runs :param external_trigger: True for externally triggered active dag runs :type external_trigger: bool :param session: :return: number greater than 0 for active dag runs """ query = (session .query(DagRun) .filter(DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id) .filter(DagRun.state == State.RUNNING)) if external_trigger is not None: query = query.filter(DagRun.external_trigger == external_trigger) return query.count()
[docs] def get_dagrun(self, execution_date, session=None): """ Returns the dag run for a given execution date if it exists, otherwise none. :param execution_date: The execution date of the DagRun to find. :param session: :return: The DagRun if found, otherwise None. """ dagrun = ( session.query(DagRun) .filter( DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id, DagRun.execution_date == execution_date) .first()) return dagrun
[docs] def get_dagruns_between(self, start_date, end_date, session=None): """ Returns the list of dag runs between start_date (inclusive) and end_date (inclusive). :param start_date: The starting execution date of the DagRun to find. :param end_date: The ending execution date of the DagRun to find. :param session: :return: The list of DagRuns found. """ dagruns = ( session.query(DagRun) .filter( DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id, DagRun.execution_date >= start_date, DagRun.execution_date <= end_date) .all()) return dagruns
[docs] def _get_latest_execution_date(self, session=None): return session.query(func.max(DagRun.execution_date)).filter( DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id
).scalar() @property
[docs] def latest_execution_date(self): """ Returns the latest date for which at least one dag run exists """ return self._get_latest_execution_date()
[docs] def subdags(self): """ Returns a list of the subdag objects associated to this DAG """ # Check SubDag for class but don't check class directly from airflow.operators.subdag_operator import SubDagOperator subdag_lst = [] for task in self.tasks: if (isinstance(task, SubDagOperator) or # TODO remove in Airflow 2.0 type(task).__name__ == 'SubDagOperator'): subdag_lst.append(task.subdag) subdag_lst += task.subdag.subdags return subdag_lst
[docs] def resolve_template_files(self): for t in self.tasks: t.resolve_template_files()
[docs] def get_template_env(self): # type: () -> jinja2.Environment """Build a Jinja2 environment.""" # Collect directories to search for template files searchpath = [self.folder] if self.template_searchpath: searchpath += self.template_searchpath # Default values (for backward compatibility) jinja_env_options = { 'loader': jinja2.FileSystemLoader(searchpath), 'undefined': self.template_undefined, 'extensions': [""], 'cache_size': 0 } if self.jinja_environment_kwargs: jinja_env_options.update(self.jinja_environment_kwargs) env = jinja2.Environment(**jinja_env_options) # type: ignore # Add any user defined items. Safe to edit globals as long as no templates are rendered yet. # if self.user_defined_macros: env.globals.update(self.user_defined_macros) if self.user_defined_filters: env.filters.update(self.user_defined_filters) return env
[docs] def set_dependency(self, upstream_task_id, downstream_task_id): """ Simple utility method to set dependency between two tasks that already have been added to the DAG using add_task() """ self.get_task(upstream_task_id).set_downstream( self.get_task(downstream_task_id))
[docs] def get_task_instances( self, start_date=None, end_date=None, state=None, session=None): if not start_date: start_date = (timezone.utcnow() - timedelta(30)).date() start_date = timezone.make_aware( datetime.combine(start_date, datetime.min.time())) end_date = end_date or timezone.utcnow() tis = session.query(TaskInstance).filter( TaskInstance.dag_id == self.dag_id, TaskInstance.execution_date >= start_date, TaskInstance.execution_date <= end_date, TaskInstance.task_id.in_([t.task_id for t in self.tasks]), ) if state: if isinstance(state, str): tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.state == state) else: # this is required to deal with NULL values if None in state: tis = tis.filter( or_(TaskInstance.state.in_(state), TaskInstance.state.is_(None)) ) else: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.state.in_(state)) tis = tis.order_by(TaskInstance.execution_date).all() return tis
[docs] def roots(self): """Return nodes with no parents. These are first to execute and are called roots or root nodes.""" return [task for task in self.tasks if not task.upstream_list]
[docs] def leaves(self): """Return nodes with no children. These are last to execute and are called leaves or leaf nodes.""" return [task for task in self.tasks if not task.downstream_list]
[docs] def topological_sort(self): """ Sorts tasks in topographical order, such that a task comes after any of its upstream dependencies. Heavily inspired by: :return: list of tasks in topological order """ # convert into an OrderedDict to speedup lookup while keeping order the same graph_unsorted = OrderedDict((task.task_id, task) for task in self.tasks) graph_sorted = [] # special case if len(self.tasks) == 0: return tuple(graph_sorted) # Run until the unsorted graph is empty. while graph_unsorted: # Go through each of the node/edges pairs in the unsorted # graph. If a set of edges doesn't contain any nodes that # haven't been resolved, that is, that are still in the # unsorted graph, remove the pair from the unsorted graph, # and append it to the sorted graph. Note here that by using # using the items() method for iterating, a copy of the # unsorted graph is used, allowing us to modify the unsorted # graph as we move through it. We also keep a flag for # checking that that graph is acyclic, which is true if any # nodes are resolved during each pass through the graph. If # not, we need to bail out as the graph therefore can't be # sorted. acyclic = False for node in list(graph_unsorted.values()): for edge in node.upstream_list: if edge.task_id in graph_unsorted: break # no edges in upstream tasks else: acyclic = True del graph_unsorted[node.task_id] graph_sorted.append(node) if not acyclic: raise AirflowException("A cyclic dependency occurred in dag: {}" .format(self.dag_id)) return tuple(graph_sorted)
[docs] def set_dag_runs_state( self, state=State.RUNNING, session=None, start_date=None, end_date=None, ): query = session.query(DagRun).filter_by(dag_id=self.dag_id) if start_date: query = query.filter(DagRun.execution_date >= start_date) if end_date: query = query.filter(DagRun.execution_date <= end_date) drs = query.all() dirty_ids = [] for dr in drs: dr.state = state dirty_ids.append(dr.dag_id)
[docs] def clear( self, start_date=None, end_date=None, only_failed=False, only_running=False, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=True, include_parentdag=True, reset_dag_runs=True, dry_run=False, session=None, get_tis=False, ): """ Clears a set of task instances associated with the current dag for a specified date range. """ TI = TaskInstance tis = session.query(TI) if include_subdags: # Crafting the right filter for dag_id and task_ids combo conditions = [] for dag in self.subdags + [self]: conditions.append( & TI.task_id.in_(dag.task_ids) ) tis = tis.filter(or_(*conditions)) else: tis = session.query(TI).filter(TI.dag_id == self.dag_id) tis = tis.filter(TI.task_id.in_(self.task_ids)) if include_parentdag and self.is_subdag: p_dag = self.parent_dag.sub_dag( task_regex=r"^{}$".format(self.dag_id.split('.')[1]), include_upstream=False, include_downstream=True) tis = tis.union(p_dag.clear( start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, only_failed=only_failed, only_running=only_running, confirm_prompt=confirm_prompt, include_subdags=include_subdags, include_parentdag=False, reset_dag_runs=reset_dag_runs, get_tis=True, session=session, )) if start_date: tis = tis.filter(TI.execution_date >= start_date) if end_date: tis = tis.filter(TI.execution_date <= end_date) if only_failed: tis = tis.filter(or_( TI.state == State.FAILED, TI.state == State.UPSTREAM_FAILED)) if only_running: tis = tis.filter(TI.state == State.RUNNING) if get_tis: return tis if dry_run: tis = tis.all() session.expunge_all() return tis count = tis.count() do_it = True if count == 0: return 0 if confirm_prompt: ti_list = "\n".join([str(t) for t in tis]) question = ( "You are about to delete these {count} tasks:\n" "{ti_list}\n\n" "Are you sure? (yes/no): ").format(count=count, ti_list=ti_list) do_it = utils.helpers.ask_yesno(question) if do_it: clear_task_instances(tis.all(), session, dag=self, ) if reset_dag_runs: self.set_dag_runs_state(session=session, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, ) else: count = 0 print("Bail. Nothing was cleared.") session.commit() return count
[docs] def clear_dags( cls, dags, start_date=None, end_date=None, only_failed=False, only_running=False, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=True, include_parentdag=False, reset_dag_runs=True, dry_run=False, ): all_tis = [] for dag in dags: tis = dag.clear( start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, only_failed=only_failed, only_running=only_running, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=include_subdags, include_parentdag=include_parentdag, reset_dag_runs=reset_dag_runs, dry_run=True) all_tis.extend(tis) if dry_run: return all_tis count = len(all_tis) do_it = True if count == 0: print("Nothing to clear.") return 0 if confirm_prompt: ti_list = "\n".join([str(t) for t in all_tis]) question = ( "You are about to delete these {} tasks:\n" "{}\n\n" "Are you sure? (yes/no): ").format(count, ti_list) do_it = utils.helpers.ask_yesno(question) if do_it: for dag in dags: dag.clear(start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, only_failed=only_failed, only_running=only_running, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=include_subdags, reset_dag_runs=reset_dag_runs, dry_run=False, ) else: count = 0 print("Bail. Nothing was cleared.") return count
[docs] def __deepcopy__(self, memo): # Swiwtcharoo to go around deepcopying objects coming through the # backdoor cls = self.__class__ result = cls.__new__(cls) memo[id(self)] = result for k, v in list(self.__dict__.items()): if k not in ('user_defined_macros', 'user_defined_filters', 'params'): setattr(result, k, copy.deepcopy(v, memo)) result.user_defined_macros = self.user_defined_macros result.user_defined_filters = self.user_defined_filters result.params = self.params return result
[docs] def sub_dag(self, task_regex, include_downstream=False, include_upstream=True): """ Returns a subset of the current dag as a deep copy of the current dag based on a regex that should match one or many tasks, and includes upstream and downstream neighbours based on the flag passed. """ # deep-copying self.task_dict takes a long time, and we don't want all # the tasks anyway, so we copy the tasks manually later task_dict = self.task_dict self.task_dict = {} dag = copy.deepcopy(self) self.task_dict = task_dict regex_match = [ t for t in self.tasks if re.findall(task_regex, t.task_id)] also_include = [] for t in regex_match: if include_downstream: also_include += t.get_flat_relatives(upstream=False) if include_upstream: also_include += t.get_flat_relatives(upstream=True) # Compiling the unique list of tasks that made the cut # Make sure to not recursively deepcopy the dag while copying the task dag.task_dict = {t.task_id: copy.deepcopy(t, {id(t.dag): t.dag}) for t in regex_match + also_include} for t in dag.tasks: # Removing upstream/downstream references to tasks that did not # made the cut t._upstream_task_ids = t._upstream_task_ids.intersection(dag.task_dict.keys()) t._downstream_task_ids = t._downstream_task_ids.intersection( dag.task_dict.keys()) if len(dag.tasks) < len(self.tasks): dag.partial = True return dag
[docs] def has_task(self, task_id): return task_id in (t.task_id for t in self.tasks)
[docs] def get_task(self, task_id): if task_id in self.task_dict: return self.task_dict[task_id] raise AirflowException("Task {task_id} not found".format(task_id=task_id))
[docs] def pickle_info(self): d = dict() d['is_picklable'] = True try: dttm = timezone.utcnow() pickled = pickle.dumps(self) d['pickle_len'] = len(pickled) d['pickling_duration'] = "{}".format(timezone.utcnow() - dttm) except Exception as e: self.log.debug(e) d['is_picklable'] = False d['stacktrace'] = traceback.format_exc() return d
[docs] def pickle(self, session=None): dag = session.query( DagModel).filter(DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id).first() dp = None if dag and dag.pickle_id: dp = session.query(DagPickle).filter( == dag.pickle_id).first() if not dp or dp.pickle != self: dp = DagPickle(dag=self) session.add(dp) self.last_pickled = timezone.utcnow() session.commit() self.pickle_id = return dp
[docs] def tree_view(self): """Print an ASCII tree representation of the DAG.""" def get_downstream(task, level=0): line = (" " * level * 4) + str(task) if six.PY2: line = line.decode("utf-8") print(line) level += 1 for t in task.downstream_list: get_downstream(t, level) for t in self.roots: get_downstream(t)
[docs] def add_task(self, task): """ Add a task to the DAG :param task: the task you want to add :type task: task """ if not self.start_date and not task.start_date: raise AirflowException("Task is missing the start_date parameter") # if the task has no start date, assign it the same as the DAG elif not task.start_date: task.start_date = self.start_date # otherwise, the task will start on the later of its own start date and # the DAG's start date elif self.start_date: task.start_date = max(task.start_date, self.start_date) # if the task has no end date, assign it the same as the dag if not task.end_date: task.end_date = self.end_date # otherwise, the task will end on the earlier of its own end date and # the DAG's end date elif task.end_date and self.end_date: task.end_date = min(task.end_date, self.end_date) if task.task_id in self.task_dict: # TODO: raise an error in Airflow 2.0 warnings.warn( 'The requested task could not be added to the DAG because a ' 'task with task_id {} is already in the DAG. Starting in ' 'Airflow 2.0, trying to overwrite a task will raise an ' 'exception.'.format(task.task_id), category=PendingDeprecationWarning) else: self.task_dict[task.task_id] = task task.dag = self self.task_count = len(self.task_dict)
[docs] def add_tasks(self, tasks): """ Add a list of tasks to the DAG :param tasks: a lit of tasks you want to add :type tasks: list of tasks """ for task in tasks: self.add_task(task)
[docs] def run( self, start_date=None, end_date=None, mark_success=False, local=False, executor=None, donot_pickle=conf.getboolean('core', 'donot_pickle'), ignore_task_deps=False, ignore_first_depends_on_past=False, pool=None, delay_on_limit_secs=1.0, verbose=False, conf=None, rerun_failed_tasks=False, run_backwards=False, ): """ Runs the DAG. :param start_date: the start date of the range to run :type start_date: datetime.datetime :param end_date: the end date of the range to run :type end_date: datetime.datetime :param mark_success: True to mark jobs as succeeded without running them :type mark_success: bool :param local: True to run the tasks using the LocalExecutor :type local: bool :param executor: The executor instance to run the tasks :type executor: airflow.executor.BaseExecutor :param donot_pickle: True to avoid pickling DAG object and send to workers :type donot_pickle: bool :param ignore_task_deps: True to skip upstream tasks :type ignore_task_deps: bool :param ignore_first_depends_on_past: True to ignore depends_on_past dependencies for the first set of tasks only :type ignore_first_depends_on_past: bool :param pool: Resource pool to use :type pool: str :param delay_on_limit_secs: Time in seconds to wait before next attempt to run dag run when max_active_runs limit has been reached :type delay_on_limit_secs: float :param verbose: Make logging output more verbose :type verbose: bool :param conf: user defined dictionary passed from CLI :type conf: dict :param rerun_failed_tasks: :type: bool :param run_backwards: :type: bool """ from import BackfillJob if not executor and local: executor = LocalExecutor() elif not executor: executor = get_default_executor() job = BackfillJob( self, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, mark_success=mark_success, executor=executor, donot_pickle=donot_pickle, ignore_task_deps=ignore_task_deps, ignore_first_depends_on_past=ignore_first_depends_on_past, pool=pool, delay_on_limit_secs=delay_on_limit_secs, verbose=verbose, conf=conf, rerun_failed_tasks=rerun_failed_tasks, run_backwards=run_backwards, )
[docs] def cli(self): """ Exposes a CLI specific to this DAG """ from airflow.bin import cli parser = cli.CLIFactory.get_parser(dag_parser=True) args = parser.parse_args() args.func(args, self)
[docs] def create_dagrun(self, run_id, state, execution_date=None, start_date=None, external_trigger=False, conf=None, session=None): """ Creates a dag run from this dag including the tasks associated with this dag. Returns the dag run. :param run_id: defines the the run id for this dag run :type run_id: str :param execution_date: the execution date of this dag run :type execution_date: datetime.datetime :param state: the state of the dag run :type state: airflow.utils.state.State :param start_date: the date this dag run should be evaluated :type start_date: datetime :param external_trigger: whether this dag run is externally triggered :type external_trigger: bool :param session: database session :type session: sqlalchemy.orm.session.Session """ run = DagRun( dag_id=self.dag_id, run_id=run_id, execution_date=execution_date, start_date=start_date, external_trigger=external_trigger, conf=conf, state=state ) session.add(run) session.commit() run.dag = self # create the associated task instances # state is None at the moment of creation run.verify_integrity(session=session) run.refresh_from_db() return run
[docs] def sync_to_db(self, owner=None, sync_time=None, session=None): """ Save attributes about this DAG to the DB. Note that this method can be called for both DAGs and SubDAGs. A SubDag is actually a SubDagOperator. :param dag: the DAG object to save to the DB :type dag: airflow.models.DAG :param sync_time: The time that the DAG should be marked as sync'ed :type sync_time: datetime :return: None """ if owner is None: owner = self.owner if sync_time is None: sync_time = timezone.utcnow() orm_dag = session.query( DagModel).filter(DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id).first() if not orm_dag: orm_dag = DagModel(dag_id=self.dag_id) if self.is_paused_upon_creation is not None: orm_dag.is_paused = self.is_paused_upon_creation"Creating ORM DAG for %s", self.dag_id) orm_dag.fileloc = self.parent_dag.fileloc if self.is_subdag else self.fileloc orm_dag.is_subdag = self.is_subdag orm_dag.owners = owner orm_dag.is_active = True orm_dag.last_scheduler_run = sync_time orm_dag.default_view = self._default_view orm_dag.description = self.description orm_dag.schedule_interval = self.schedule_interval session.merge(orm_dag) session.commit() for subdag in self.subdags: subdag.sync_to_db(owner=owner, sync_time=sync_time, session=session)
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def deactivate_unknown_dags(active_dag_ids, session=None): """ Given a list of known DAGs, deactivate any other DAGs that are marked as active in the ORM :param active_dag_ids: list of DAG IDs that are active :type active_dag_ids: list[unicode] :return: None """ if len(active_dag_ids) == 0: return for dag in session.query( DagModel).filter(~DagModel.dag_id.in_(active_dag_ids)).all(): dag.is_active = False session.merge(dag) session.commit()
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def deactivate_stale_dags(expiration_date, session=None): """ Deactivate any DAGs that were last touched by the scheduler before the expiration date. These DAGs were likely deleted. :param expiration_date: set inactive DAGs that were touched before this time :type expiration_date: datetime :return: None """ log = LoggingMixin().log for dag in session.query( DagModel).filter(DagModel.last_scheduler_run < expiration_date, DagModel.is_active).all(): "Deactivating DAG ID %s since it was last touched by the scheduler at %s", dag.dag_id, dag.last_scheduler_run.isoformat() ) dag.is_active = False session.merge(dag) session.commit()
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_num_task_instances(dag_id, task_ids=None, states=None, session=None): """ Returns the number of task instances in the given DAG. :param session: ORM session :param dag_id: ID of the DAG to get the task concurrency of :type dag_id: unicode :param task_ids: A list of valid task IDs for the given DAG :type task_ids: list[unicode] :param states: A list of states to filter by if supplied :type states: list[state] :return: The number of running tasks :rtype: int """ qry = session.query(func.count(TaskInstance.task_id)).filter( TaskInstance.dag_id == dag_id, ) if task_ids: qry = qry.filter( TaskInstance.task_id.in_(task_ids), ) if states is not None: if None in states: qry = qry.filter(or_( TaskInstance.state.in_(states), TaskInstance.state.is_(None))) else: qry = qry.filter(TaskInstance.state.in_(states)) return qry.scalar()
[docs] def test_cycle(self): """ Check to see if there are any cycles in the DAG. Returns False if no cycle found, otherwise raises exception. """ from airflow.models.dagbag import DagBag # Avoid circular imports # default of int is 0 which corresponds to CYCLE_NEW visit_map = defaultdict(int) for task_id in self.task_dict.keys(): # print('starting %s' % task_id) if visit_map[task_id] == DagBag.CYCLE_NEW: self._test_cycle_helper(visit_map, task_id) return False
[docs] def _test_cycle_helper(self, visit_map, task_id): """ Checks if a cycle exists from the input task using DFS traversal """ from airflow.models.dagbag import DagBag # Avoid circular imports # print('Inspecting %s' % task_id) if visit_map[task_id] == DagBag.CYCLE_DONE: return False visit_map[task_id] = DagBag.CYCLE_IN_PROGRESS task = self.task_dict[task_id] for descendant_id in task.get_direct_relative_ids(): if visit_map[descendant_id] == DagBag.CYCLE_IN_PROGRESS: msg = "Cycle detected in DAG. Faulty task: {0} to {1}".format( task_id, descendant_id) raise AirflowDagCycleException(msg) else: self._test_cycle_helper(visit_map, descendant_id) visit_map[task_id] = DagBag.CYCLE_DONE
[docs]class DagModel(Base):
[docs] __tablename__ = "dag"
""" These items are stored in the database for state related information """
[docs] dag_id = Column(String(ID_LEN), primary_key=True)
# A DAG can be paused from the UI / DB # Set this default value of is_paused based on a configuration value!
[docs] is_paused_at_creation = conf\ .getboolean('core', 'dags_are_paused_at_creation')
[docs] is_paused = Column(Boolean, default=is_paused_at_creation)
# Whether the DAG is a subdag
[docs] is_subdag = Column(Boolean, default=False)
# Whether that DAG was seen on the last DagBag load
[docs] is_active = Column(Boolean, default=False)
# Last time the scheduler started
[docs] last_scheduler_run = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Last time this DAG was pickled
[docs] last_pickled = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Time when the DAG last received a refresh signal # (e.g. the DAG's "refresh" button was clicked in the web UI)
[docs] last_expired = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Whether (one of) the scheduler is scheduling this DAG at the moment
[docs] scheduler_lock = Column(Boolean)
# Foreign key to the latest pickle_id
[docs] pickle_id = Column(Integer)
# The location of the file containing the DAG object # Note: Do not depend on fileloc pointing to a file; in the case of a # packaged DAG, it will point to the subpath of the DAG within the # associated zip.
[docs] fileloc = Column(String(2000))
# String representing the owners
[docs] owners = Column(String(2000))
# Description of the dag
[docs] description = Column(Text)
# Default view of the inside the webserver
[docs] default_view = Column(String(25))
# Schedule interval
[docs] schedule_interval = Column(Interval)
[docs] def __repr__(self): return "<DAG: {self.dag_id}>".format(self=self)
[docs] def timezone(self): return settings.TIMEZONE
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_dagmodel(dag_id, session=None): return session.query(DagModel).filter(DagModel.dag_id == dag_id).first()
@classmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_current(cls, dag_id, session=None): return session.query(cls).filter(cls.dag_id == dag_id).first()
[docs] def get_default_view(self): if self.default_view is None: return conf.get('webserver', 'dag_default_view').lower() else: return self.default_view
[docs] def get_last_dagrun(self, session=None, include_externally_triggered=False): return get_last_dagrun(self.dag_id, session=session, include_externally_triggered=include_externally_triggered)
[docs] def safe_dag_id(self): return self.dag_id.replace('.', '__dot__')
[docs] def get_dag(self): return DagBag(dag_folder=self.fileloc).get_dag(self.dag_id)
[docs] def create_dagrun(self, run_id, state, execution_date, start_date=None, external_trigger=False, conf=None, session=None): """ Creates a dag run from this dag including the tasks associated with this dag. Returns the dag run. :param run_id: defines the the run id for this dag run :type run_id: str :param execution_date: the execution date of this dag run :type execution_date: datetime.datetime :param state: the state of the dag run :type state: airflow.utils.state.State :param start_date: the date this dag run should be evaluated :type start_date: datetime.datetime :param external_trigger: whether this dag run is externally triggered :type external_trigger: bool :param session: database session :type session: sqlalchemy.orm.session.Session """ return self.get_dag().create_dagrun(run_id=run_id, state=state, execution_date=execution_date, start_date=start_date, external_trigger=external_trigger, conf=conf, session=session)
[docs] def set_is_paused(self, is_paused, # type: bool including_subdags=True, # type: bool session=None, ): # type: (...) -> None """ Pause/Un-pause a DAG. :param is_paused: Is the DAG paused :param including_subdags: whether to include the DAG's subdags :param session: session """ dag_ids = [self.dag_id] # type: List[str] if including_subdags: subdags = self.get_dag().subdags dag_ids.extend([subdag.dag_id for subdag in subdags]) dag_models = session.query(DagModel).filter(DagModel.dag_id.in_(dag_ids)).all() try: for dag_model in dag_models: dag_model.is_paused = is_paused session.commit() except Exception: session.rollback() raise

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