Source code for airflow.models.dag

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import copy
import functools
import itertools
import logging
import os
import pathlib
import pickle
import re
import sys
import traceback
import warnings
import weakref
from datetime import datetime, timedelta
from inspect import signature
from typing import (

import jinja2
import pendulum
from dateutil.relativedelta import relativedelta
from import Timezone
from sqlalchemy import Boolean, Column, ForeignKey, Index, Integer, String, Text, func, not_, or_
from sqlalchemy.orm import backref, joinedload, relationship
from sqlalchemy.orm.query import Query
from sqlalchemy.orm.session import Session
from sqlalchemy.sql import expression

import airflow.templates
from airflow import settings, utils
from airflow.compat.functools import cached_property
from airflow.configuration import conf
from airflow.exceptions import AirflowDagInconsistent, AirflowException, DuplicateTaskIdFound, TaskNotFound
from airflow.models.abstractoperator import AbstractOperator
from airflow.models.base import ID_LEN, Base
from airflow.models.dagbag import DagBag
from airflow.models.dagcode import DagCode
from airflow.models.dagpickle import DagPickle
from airflow.models.dagrun import DagRun
from airflow.models.operator import Operator
from airflow.models.param import DagParam, ParamsDict
from airflow.models.taskinstance import Context, TaskInstance, TaskInstanceKey, clear_task_instances
from import permissions
from airflow.stats import Stats
from airflow.timetables.base import DagRunInfo, DataInterval, TimeRestriction, Timetable
from airflow.timetables.interval import CronDataIntervalTimetable, DeltaDataIntervalTimetable
from airflow.timetables.simple import NullTimetable, OnceTimetable
from airflow.typing_compat import Literal
from airflow.utils import timezone
from airflow.utils.dag_cycle_tester import check_cycle
from airflow.utils.dates import cron_presets, date_range as utils_date_range
from airflow.utils.file import correct_maybe_zipped
from airflow.utils.helpers import exactly_one, validate_key
from airflow.utils.log.logging_mixin import LoggingMixin
from airflow.utils.session import NEW_SESSION, provide_session
from airflow.utils.sqlalchemy import Interval, UtcDateTime, skip_locked, tuple_in_condition, with_row_locks
from airflow.utils.state import DagRunState, State, TaskInstanceState
from airflow.utils.types import NOTSET, ArgNotSet, DagRunType, EdgeInfoType

    from airflow.decorators import TaskDecoratorCollection
    from airflow.models.slamiss import SlaMiss
    from airflow.utils.task_group import TaskGroup

[docs]log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
[docs]DEFAULT_VIEW_PRESETS = ['grid', 'graph', 'duration', 'gantt', 'landing_times']
[docs]ORIENTATION_PRESETS = ['LR', 'TB', 'RL', 'BT']
[docs]DagStateChangeCallback = Callable[[Context], None]
[docs]ScheduleInterval = Union[None, str, timedelta, relativedelta]
# FIXME: Ideally this should be Union[Literal[NOTSET], ScheduleInterval], # but Mypy cannot handle that right now. Track progress of PEP 661 for progress. # See also:
[docs]ScheduleIntervalArg = Union[ArgNotSet, ScheduleInterval]
# Backward compatibility: If neither schedule_interval nor timetable is # *provided by the user*, default to a one-day interval.
[docs]DEFAULT_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL = timedelta(days=1)
[docs]class InconsistentDataInterval(AirflowException): """Exception raised when a model populates data interval fields incorrectly. The data interval fields should either both be None (for runs scheduled prior to AIP-39), or both be datetime (for runs scheduled after AIP-39 is implemented). This is raised if exactly one of the fields is None. """ _template = ( "Inconsistent {cls}: {start[0]}={start[1]!r}, {end[0]}={end[1]!r}, " "they must be either both None or both datetime" ) def __init__(self, instance: Any, start_field_name: str, end_field_name: str) -> None: self._class_name = type(instance).__name__ self._start_field = (start_field_name, getattr(instance, start_field_name)) self._end_field = (end_field_name, getattr(instance, end_field_name))
[docs] def __str__(self) -> str: return self._template.format(cls=self._class_name, start=self._start_field, end=self._end_field)
def _get_model_data_interval( instance: Any, start_field_name: str, end_field_name: str, ) -> Optional[DataInterval]: start = timezone.coerce_datetime(getattr(instance, start_field_name)) end = timezone.coerce_datetime(getattr(instance, end_field_name)) if start is None: if end is not None: raise InconsistentDataInterval(instance, start_field_name, end_field_name) return None elif end is None: raise InconsistentDataInterval(instance, start_field_name, end_field_name) return DataInterval(start, end)
[docs]def create_timetable(interval: ScheduleIntervalArg, timezone: Timezone) -> Timetable: """Create a Timetable instance from a ``schedule_interval`` argument.""" if interval is NOTSET: return DeltaDataIntervalTimetable(DEFAULT_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL) if interval is None: return NullTimetable() if interval == "@once": return OnceTimetable() if isinstance(interval, (timedelta, relativedelta)): return DeltaDataIntervalTimetable(interval) if isinstance(interval, str): return CronDataIntervalTimetable(interval, timezone) raise ValueError(f"{interval!r} is not a valid schedule_interval.")
[docs]def get_last_dagrun(dag_id, session, include_externally_triggered=False): """ Returns the last dag run for a dag, None if there was none. Last dag run can be any type of run eg. scheduled or backfilled. Overridden DagRuns are ignored. """ DR = DagRun query = session.query(DR).filter(DR.dag_id == dag_id) if not include_externally_triggered: query = query.filter(DR.external_trigger == expression.false()) query = query.order_by(DR.execution_date.desc()) return query.first()
[docs]class DAG(LoggingMixin): """ A dag (directed acyclic graph) is a collection of tasks with directional dependencies. A dag also has a schedule, a start date and an end date (optional). For each schedule, (say daily or hourly), the DAG needs to run each individual tasks as their dependencies are met. Certain tasks have the property of depending on their own past, meaning that they can't run until their previous schedule (and upstream tasks) are completed. DAGs essentially act as namespaces for tasks. A task_id can only be added once to a DAG. Note that if you plan to use time zones all the dates provided should be pendulum dates. See :ref:`timezone_aware_dags`. :param dag_id: The id of the DAG; must consist exclusively of alphanumeric characters, dashes, dots and underscores (all ASCII) :param description: The description for the DAG to e.g. be shown on the webserver :param schedule_interval: Defines how often that DAG runs, this timedelta object gets added to your latest task instance's execution_date to figure out the next schedule :param timetable: Specify which timetable to use (in which case schedule_interval must not be set). See :doc:`/howto/timetable` for more information :param start_date: The timestamp from which the scheduler will attempt to backfill :param end_date: A date beyond which your DAG won't run, leave to None for open ended scheduling :param template_searchpath: This list of folders (non relative) defines where jinja will look for your templates. Order matters. Note that jinja/airflow includes the path of your DAG file by default :param template_undefined: Template undefined type. :param user_defined_macros: a dictionary of macros that will be exposed in your jinja templates. For example, passing ``dict(foo='bar')`` to this argument allows you to ``{{ foo }}`` in all jinja templates related to this DAG. Note that you can pass any type of object here. :param user_defined_filters: a dictionary of filters that will be exposed in your jinja templates. For example, passing ``dict(hello=lambda name: 'Hello %s' % name)`` to this argument allows you to ``{{ 'world' | hello }}`` in all jinja templates related to this DAG. :param default_args: A dictionary of default parameters to be used as constructor keyword parameters when initialising operators. Note that operators have the same hook, and precede those defined here, meaning that if your dict contains `'depends_on_past': True` here and `'depends_on_past': False` in the operator's call `default_args`, the actual value will be `False`. :param params: a dictionary of DAG level parameters that are made accessible in templates, namespaced under `params`. These params can be overridden at the task level. :param max_active_tasks: the number of task instances allowed to run concurrently :param max_active_runs: maximum number of active DAG runs, beyond this number of DAG runs in a running state, the scheduler won't create new active DAG runs :param dagrun_timeout: specify how long a DagRun should be up before timing out / failing, so that new DagRuns can be created. The timeout is only enforced for scheduled DagRuns. :param sla_miss_callback: specify a function to call when reporting SLA timeouts. See :ref:`sla_miss_callback<concepts:sla_miss_callback>` for more information about the function signature and parameters that are passed to the callback. :param default_view: Specify DAG default view (grid, graph, duration, gantt, landing_times), default grid :param orientation: Specify DAG orientation in graph view (LR, TB, RL, BT), default LR :param catchup: Perform scheduler catchup (or only run latest)? Defaults to True :param on_failure_callback: A function to be called when a DagRun of this dag fails. A context dictionary is passed as a single parameter to this function. :param on_success_callback: Much like the ``on_failure_callback`` except that it is executed when the dag succeeds. :param access_control: Specify optional DAG-level actions, e.g., "{'role1': {'can_read'}, 'role2': {'can_read', 'can_edit', 'can_delete'}}" :param is_paused_upon_creation: Specifies if the dag is paused when created for the first time. If the dag exists already, this flag will be ignored. If this optional parameter is not specified, the global config setting will be used. :param jinja_environment_kwargs: additional configuration options to be passed to Jinja ``Environment`` for template rendering **Example**: to avoid Jinja from removing a trailing newline from template strings :: DAG(dag_id='my-dag', jinja_environment_kwargs={ 'keep_trailing_newline': True, # some other jinja2 Environment options here } ) **See**: `Jinja Environment documentation <>`_ :param render_template_as_native_obj: If True, uses a Jinja ``NativeEnvironment`` to render templates as native Python types. If False, a Jinja ``Environment`` is used to render templates as string values. :param tags: List of tags to help filtering DAGs in the UI. """ _comps = { 'dag_id', 'task_ids', 'parent_dag', 'start_date', 'end_date', 'schedule_interval', 'fileloc', 'template_searchpath', 'last_loaded', } __serialized_fields: Optional[FrozenSet[str]] = None
[docs] fileloc: str
""" File path that needs to be imported to load this DAG or subdag. This may not be an actual file on disk in the case when this DAG is loaded from a ZIP file or other DAG distribution format. """
[docs] parent_dag: Optional["DAG"] = None # Gets set when DAGs are loaded
def __init__( self, dag_id: str, description: Optional[str] = None, schedule_interval: ScheduleIntervalArg = NOTSET, timetable: Optional[Timetable] = None, start_date: Optional[datetime] = None, end_date: Optional[datetime] = None, full_filepath: Optional[str] = None, template_searchpath: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, template_undefined: Type[jinja2.StrictUndefined] = jinja2.StrictUndefined, user_defined_macros: Optional[Dict] = None, user_defined_filters: Optional[Dict] = None, default_args: Optional[Dict] = None, concurrency: Optional[int] = None, max_active_tasks: int = conf.getint('core', 'max_active_tasks_per_dag'), max_active_runs: int = conf.getint('core', 'max_active_runs_per_dag'), dagrun_timeout: Optional[timedelta] = None, sla_miss_callback: Optional[ Callable[["DAG", str, str, List["SlaMiss"], List[TaskInstance]], None] ] = None, default_view: str = conf.get_mandatory_value('webserver', 'dag_default_view').lower(), orientation: str = conf.get_mandatory_value('webserver', 'dag_orientation'), catchup: bool = conf.getboolean('scheduler', 'catchup_by_default'), on_success_callback: Optional[DagStateChangeCallback] = None, on_failure_callback: Optional[DagStateChangeCallback] = None, doc_md: Optional[str] = None, params: Optional[Dict] = None, access_control: Optional[Dict] = None, is_paused_upon_creation: Optional[bool] = None, jinja_environment_kwargs: Optional[Dict] = None, render_template_as_native_obj: bool = False, tags: Optional[List[str]] = None, ): from airflow.utils.task_group import TaskGroup self.user_defined_macros = user_defined_macros self.user_defined_filters = user_defined_filters if default_args and not isinstance(default_args, dict): raise TypeError("default_args must be a dict") self.default_args = copy.deepcopy(default_args or {}) params = params or {} # merging potentially conflicting default_args['params'] into params if 'params' in self.default_args: params.update(self.default_args['params']) del self.default_args['params'] # check self.params and convert them into ParamsDict self.params = ParamsDict(params) if full_filepath: warnings.warn( "Passing full_filepath to DAG() is deprecated and has no effect", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) validate_key(dag_id) self._dag_id = dag_id if concurrency: # TODO: Remove in Airflow 3.0 warnings.warn( "The 'concurrency' parameter is deprecated. Please use 'max_active_tasks'.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) max_active_tasks = concurrency self._max_active_tasks = max_active_tasks self._pickle_id: Optional[int] = None self._description = description # set file location to caller source path back = sys._getframe().f_back self.fileloc = back.f_code.co_filename if back else "" self.task_dict: Dict[str, Operator] = {} # set timezone from start_date tz = None if start_date and start_date.tzinfo: tzinfo = None if start_date.tzinfo else settings.TIMEZONE tz = pendulum.instance(start_date, tz=tzinfo).timezone elif 'start_date' in self.default_args and self.default_args['start_date']: date = self.default_args['start_date'] if not isinstance(date, datetime): date = timezone.parse(date) self.default_args['start_date'] = date start_date = date tzinfo = None if date.tzinfo else settings.TIMEZONE tz = pendulum.instance(date, tz=tzinfo).timezone self.timezone = tz or settings.TIMEZONE # Apply the timezone we settled on to end_date if it wasn't supplied if 'end_date' in self.default_args and self.default_args['end_date']: if isinstance(self.default_args['end_date'], str): self.default_args['end_date'] = timezone.parse( self.default_args['end_date'], timezone=self.timezone ) self.start_date = timezone.convert_to_utc(start_date) self.end_date = timezone.convert_to_utc(end_date) # also convert tasks if 'start_date' in self.default_args: self.default_args['start_date'] = timezone.convert_to_utc(self.default_args['start_date']) if 'end_date' in self.default_args: self.default_args['end_date'] = timezone.convert_to_utc(self.default_args['end_date']) # Calculate the DAG's timetable. if timetable is None: self.timetable = create_timetable(schedule_interval, self.timezone) if isinstance(schedule_interval, ArgNotSet): schedule_interval = DEFAULT_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL self.schedule_interval: ScheduleInterval = schedule_interval elif isinstance(schedule_interval, ArgNotSet): self.timetable = timetable self.schedule_interval = self.timetable.summary else: raise TypeError("cannot specify both 'schedule_interval' and 'timetable'") if isinstance(template_searchpath, str): template_searchpath = [template_searchpath] self.template_searchpath = template_searchpath self.template_undefined = template_undefined self.last_loaded = timezone.utcnow() self.safe_dag_id = dag_id.replace('.', '__dot__') self.max_active_runs = max_active_runs self.dagrun_timeout = dagrun_timeout self.sla_miss_callback = sla_miss_callback if default_view in DEFAULT_VIEW_PRESETS: self._default_view: str = default_view elif default_view == 'tree': warnings.warn( "`default_view` of 'tree' has been renamed to 'grid' -- please update your DAG", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) self._default_view = 'grid' else: raise AirflowException( f'Invalid values of dag.default_view: only support ' f'{DEFAULT_VIEW_PRESETS}, but get {default_view}' ) if orientation in ORIENTATION_PRESETS: self.orientation = orientation else: raise AirflowException( f'Invalid values of dag.orientation: only support ' f'{ORIENTATION_PRESETS}, but get {orientation}' ) self.catchup = catchup self.partial = False self.on_success_callback = on_success_callback self.on_failure_callback = on_failure_callback # Keeps track of any extra edge metadata (sparse; will not contain all # edges, so do not iterate over it for that). Outer key is upstream # task ID, inner key is downstream task ID. self.edge_info: Dict[str, Dict[str, EdgeInfoType]] = {} # To keep it in parity with Serialized DAGs # and identify if DAG has on_*_callback without actually storing them in Serialized JSON self.has_on_success_callback = self.on_success_callback is not None self.has_on_failure_callback = self.on_failure_callback is not None self.doc_md = doc_md self._access_control = DAG._upgrade_outdated_dag_access_control(access_control) self.is_paused_upon_creation = is_paused_upon_creation self.jinja_environment_kwargs = jinja_environment_kwargs self.render_template_as_native_obj = render_template_as_native_obj self.tags = tags or [] self._task_group = TaskGroup.create_root(self) self.validate_schedule_and_params() def _check_schedule_interval_matches_timetable(self) -> bool: """Check ``schedule_interval`` and ``timetable`` match. This is done as a part of the DAG validation done before it's bagged, to guard against the DAG's ``timetable`` (or ``schedule_interval``) from being changed after it's created, e.g. .. code-block:: python dag1 = DAG("d1", timetable=MyTimetable()) dag1.schedule_interval = "@once" dag2 = DAG("d2", schedule_interval="@once") dag2.timetable = MyTimetable() Validation is done by creating a timetable and check its summary matches ``schedule_interval``. The logic is not bullet-proof, especially if a custom timetable does not provide a useful ``summary``. But this is the best we can do. """ if self.schedule_interval == self.timetable.summary: return True try: timetable = create_timetable(self.schedule_interval, self.timezone) except ValueError: return False return timetable.summary == self.timetable.summary
[docs] def validate(self): """Validate the DAG has a coherent setup. This is called by the DAG bag before bagging the DAG. """ if not self._check_schedule_interval_matches_timetable(): raise AirflowDagInconsistent( f"inconsistent schedule: timetable {self.timetable.summary!r} " f"does not match schedule_interval {self.schedule_interval!r}", ) self.params.validate() self.timetable.validate()
[docs] def __repr__(self): return f"<DAG: {self.dag_id}>"
[docs] def __eq__(self, other): if type(self) == type(other): # Use getattr() instead of __dict__ as __dict__ doesn't return # correct values for properties. return all(getattr(self, c, None) == getattr(other, c, None) for c in self._comps) return False
[docs] def __ne__(self, other): return not self == other
[docs] def __lt__(self, other): return self.dag_id < other.dag_id
[docs] def __hash__(self): hash_components = [type(self)] for c in self._comps: # task_ids returns a list and lists can't be hashed if c == 'task_ids': val = tuple(self.task_dict.keys()) else: val = getattr(self, c, None) try: hash(val) hash_components.append(val) except TypeError: hash_components.append(repr(val)) return hash(tuple(hash_components))
# Context Manager -----------------------------------------------
[docs] def __enter__(self): DagContext.push_context_managed_dag(self) return self
[docs] def __exit__(self, _type, _value, _tb): DagContext.pop_context_managed_dag()
# /Context Manager ---------------------------------------------- @staticmethod def _upgrade_outdated_dag_access_control(access_control=None): """ Looks for outdated dag level actions (can_dag_read and can_dag_edit) in DAG access_controls (for example, {'role1': {'can_dag_read'}, 'role2': {'can_dag_read', 'can_dag_edit'}}) and replaces them with updated actions (can_read and can_edit). """ if not access_control: return None new_perm_mapping = { permissions.DEPRECATED_ACTION_CAN_DAG_READ: permissions.ACTION_CAN_READ, permissions.DEPRECATED_ACTION_CAN_DAG_EDIT: permissions.ACTION_CAN_EDIT, } updated_access_control = {} for role, perms in access_control.items(): updated_access_control[role] = {new_perm_mapping.get(perm, perm) for perm in perms} if access_control != updated_access_control: warnings.warn( "The 'can_dag_read' and 'can_dag_edit' permissions are deprecated. " "Please use 'can_read' and 'can_edit', respectively.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=3, ) return updated_access_control
[docs] def date_range( self, start_date: pendulum.DateTime, num: Optional[int] = None, end_date: Optional[datetime] = None, ) -> List[datetime]: message = "`DAG.date_range()` is deprecated." if num is not None: warnings.warn(message, category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2) with warnings.catch_warnings(): warnings.simplefilter("ignore", DeprecationWarning) return utils_date_range( start_date=start_date, num=num, delta=self.normalized_schedule_interval ) message += " Please use `DAG.iter_dagrun_infos_between(..., align=False)` instead." warnings.warn(message, category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2) if end_date is None: coerced_end_date = timezone.utcnow() else: coerced_end_date = end_date it = self.iter_dagrun_infos_between(start_date, pendulum.instance(coerced_end_date), align=False) return [info.logical_date for info in it]
[docs] def is_fixed_time_schedule(self): warnings.warn( "`DAG.is_fixed_time_schedule()` is deprecated.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) try: return not self.timetable._should_fix_dst except AttributeError: return True
[docs] def following_schedule(self, dttm): """ Calculates the following schedule for this dag in UTC. :param dttm: utc datetime :return: utc datetime """ warnings.warn( "`DAG.following_schedule()` is deprecated. Use `DAG.next_dagrun_info(restricted=False)` instead.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) data_interval = self.infer_automated_data_interval(timezone.coerce_datetime(dttm)) next_info = self.next_dagrun_info(data_interval, restricted=False) if next_info is None: return None return next_info.data_interval.start
[docs] def previous_schedule(self, dttm): from airflow.timetables.interval import _DataIntervalTimetable warnings.warn( "`DAG.previous_schedule()` is deprecated.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) if not isinstance(self.timetable, _DataIntervalTimetable): return None return self.timetable._get_prev(timezone.coerce_datetime(dttm))
[docs] def get_next_data_interval(self, dag_model: "DagModel") -> Optional[DataInterval]: """Get the data interval of the next scheduled run. For compatibility, this method infers the data interval from the DAG's schedule if the run does not have an explicit one set, which is possible for runs created prior to AIP-39. This function is private to Airflow core and should not be depended as a part of the Python API. :meta private: """ if self.dag_id != dag_model.dag_id: raise ValueError(f"Arguments refer to different DAGs: {self.dag_id} != {dag_model.dag_id}") if dag_model.next_dagrun is None: # Next run not scheduled. return None data_interval = dag_model.next_dagrun_data_interval if data_interval is not None: return data_interval # Compatibility: A run was scheduled without an explicit data interval. # This means the run was scheduled before AIP-39 implementation. Try to # infer from the logical date. return self.infer_automated_data_interval(dag_model.next_dagrun)
[docs] def get_run_data_interval(self, run: DagRun) -> DataInterval: """Get the data interval of this run. For compatibility, this method infers the data interval from the DAG's schedule if the run does not have an explicit one set, which is possible for runs created prior to AIP-39. This function is private to Airflow core and should not be depended as a part of the Python API. :meta private: """ if run.dag_id is not None and run.dag_id != self.dag_id: raise ValueError(f"Arguments refer to different DAGs: {self.dag_id} != {run.dag_id}") data_interval = _get_model_data_interval(run, "data_interval_start", "data_interval_end") if data_interval is not None: return data_interval # Compatibility: runs created before AIP-39 implementation don't have an # explicit data interval. Try to infer from the logical date. return self.infer_automated_data_interval(run.execution_date)
[docs] def infer_automated_data_interval(self, logical_date: datetime) -> DataInterval: """Infer a data interval for a run against this DAG. This method is used to bridge runs created prior to AIP-39 implementation, which do not have an explicit data interval. Therefore, this method only considers ``schedule_interval`` values valid prior to Airflow 2.2. DO NOT use this method is there is a known data interval. """ timetable_type = type(self.timetable) if issubclass(timetable_type, (NullTimetable, OnceTimetable)): return DataInterval.exact(timezone.coerce_datetime(logical_date)) start = timezone.coerce_datetime(logical_date) if issubclass(timetable_type, CronDataIntervalTimetable): end = cast(CronDataIntervalTimetable, self.timetable)._get_next(start) elif issubclass(timetable_type, DeltaDataIntervalTimetable): end = cast(DeltaDataIntervalTimetable, self.timetable)._get_next(start) else: raise ValueError(f"Not a valid timetable: {self.timetable!r}") return DataInterval(start, end)
[docs] def next_dagrun_info( self, last_automated_dagrun: Union[None, datetime, DataInterval], *, restricted: bool = True, ) -> Optional[DagRunInfo]: """Get information about the next DagRun of this dag after ``date_last_automated_dagrun``. This calculates what time interval the next DagRun should operate on (its execution date) and when it can be scheduled, according to the dag's timetable, start_date, end_date, etc. This doesn't check max active run or any other "max_active_tasks" type limits, but only performs calculations based on the various date and interval fields of this dag and its tasks. :param last_automated_dagrun: The ``max(execution_date)`` of existing "automated" DagRuns for this dag (scheduled or backfill, but not manual). :param restricted: If set to *False* (default is *True*), ignore ``start_date``, ``end_date``, and ``catchup`` specified on the DAG or tasks. :return: DagRunInfo of the next dagrun, or None if a dagrun is not going to be scheduled. """ # Never schedule a subdag. It will be scheduled by its parent dag. if self.is_subdag: return None data_interval = None if isinstance(last_automated_dagrun, datetime): warnings.warn( "Passing a datetime to DAG.next_dagrun_info is deprecated. Use a DataInterval instead.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) data_interval = self.infer_automated_data_interval( timezone.coerce_datetime(last_automated_dagrun) ) else: data_interval = last_automated_dagrun if restricted: restriction = self._time_restriction else: restriction = TimeRestriction(earliest=None, latest=None, catchup=True) try: info = self.timetable.next_dagrun_info( last_automated_data_interval=data_interval, restriction=restriction, ) except Exception: self.log.exception( "Failed to fetch run info after data interval %s for DAG %r", data_interval, self.dag_id, ) info = None return info
[docs] def next_dagrun_after_date(self, date_last_automated_dagrun: Optional[pendulum.DateTime]): warnings.warn( "`DAG.next_dagrun_after_date()` is deprecated. Please use `DAG.next_dagrun_info()` instead.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) if date_last_automated_dagrun is None: data_interval = None else: data_interval = self.infer_automated_data_interval(date_last_automated_dagrun) info = self.next_dagrun_info(data_interval) if info is None: return None return info.run_after
@cached_property def _time_restriction(self) -> TimeRestriction: start_dates = [t.start_date for t in self.tasks if t.start_date] if self.start_date is not None: start_dates.append(self.start_date) earliest = None if start_dates: earliest = timezone.coerce_datetime(min(start_dates)) latest = self.end_date end_dates = [t.end_date for t in self.tasks if t.end_date] if len(end_dates) == len(self.tasks): # not exists null end_date if self.end_date is not None: end_dates.append(self.end_date) if end_dates: latest = timezone.coerce_datetime(max(end_dates)) return TimeRestriction(earliest, latest, self.catchup)
[docs] def iter_dagrun_infos_between( self, earliest: Optional[pendulum.DateTime], latest: pendulum.DateTime, *, align: bool = True, ) -> Iterable[DagRunInfo]: """Yield DagRunInfo using this DAG's timetable between given interval. DagRunInfo instances yielded if their ``logical_date`` is not earlier than ``earliest``, nor later than ``latest``. The instances are ordered by their ``logical_date`` from earliest to latest. If ``align`` is ``False``, the first run will happen immediately on ``earliest``, even if it does not fall on the logical timetable schedule. The default is ``True``, but subdags will ignore this value and always behave as if this is set to ``False`` for backward compatibility. Example: A DAG is scheduled to run every midnight (``0 0 * * *``). If ``earliest`` is ``2021-06-03 23:00:00``, the first DagRunInfo would be ``2021-06-03 23:00:00`` if ``align=False``, and ``2021-06-04 00:00:00`` if ``align=True``. """ if earliest is None: earliest = self._time_restriction.earliest if earliest is None: raise ValueError("earliest was None and we had no value in time_restriction to fallback on") earliest = timezone.coerce_datetime(earliest) latest = timezone.coerce_datetime(latest) restriction = TimeRestriction(earliest, latest, catchup=True) # HACK: Sub-DAGs are currently scheduled differently. For example, say # the schedule is @daily and start is 2021-06-03 22:16:00, a top-level # DAG should be first scheduled to run on midnight 2021-06-04, but a # sub-DAG should be first scheduled to run RIGHT NOW. We can change # this, but since sub-DAGs are going away in 3.0 anyway, let's keep # compatibility for now and remove this entirely later. if self.is_subdag: align = False try: info = self.timetable.next_dagrun_info( last_automated_data_interval=None, restriction=restriction, ) except Exception: self.log.exception( "Failed to fetch run info after data interval %s for DAG %r", None, self.dag_id, ) info = None if info is None: # No runs to be scheduled between the user-supplied timeframe. But # if align=False, "invent" a data interval for the timeframe itself. if not align: yield DagRunInfo.interval(earliest, latest) return # If align=False and earliest does not fall on the timetable's logical # schedule, "invent" a data interval for it. if not align and info.logical_date != earliest: yield DagRunInfo.interval(earliest, info.data_interval.start) # Generate naturally according to schedule. while info is not None: yield info try: info = self.timetable.next_dagrun_info( last_automated_data_interval=info.data_interval, restriction=restriction, ) except Exception: self.log.exception( "Failed to fetch run info after data interval %s for DAG %r", info.data_interval if info else "<NONE>", self.dag_id, ) break
[docs] def get_run_dates(self, start_date, end_date=None): """ Returns a list of dates between the interval received as parameter using this dag's schedule interval. Returned dates can be used for execution dates. :param start_date: The start date of the interval. :param end_date: The end date of the interval. Defaults to ``timezone.utcnow()``. :return: A list of dates within the interval following the dag's schedule. :rtype: list """ warnings.warn( "`DAG.get_run_dates()` is deprecated. Please use `DAG.iter_dagrun_infos_between()` instead.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) earliest = timezone.coerce_datetime(start_date) if end_date is None: latest = else: latest = timezone.coerce_datetime(end_date) return [info.logical_date for info in self.iter_dagrun_infos_between(earliest, latest)]
[docs] def normalize_schedule(self, dttm): warnings.warn( "`DAG.normalize_schedule()` is deprecated.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) with warnings.catch_warnings(): warnings.simplefilter("ignore", DeprecationWarning) following = self.following_schedule(dttm) if not following: # in case of @once return dttm with warnings.catch_warnings(): warnings.simplefilter("ignore", DeprecationWarning) previous_of_following = self.previous_schedule(following) if previous_of_following != dttm: return following return dttm
[docs] def get_last_dagrun(self, session=NEW_SESSION, include_externally_triggered=False): return get_last_dagrun( self.dag_id, session=session, include_externally_triggered=include_externally_triggered
) @provide_session
[docs] def has_dag_runs(self, session=NEW_SESSION, include_externally_triggered=True) -> bool: return ( get_last_dagrun( self.dag_id, session=session, include_externally_triggered=include_externally_triggered ) is not None
) @property
[docs] def dag_id(self) -> str: return self._dag_id
@dag_id.setter def dag_id(self, value: str) -> None: self._dag_id = value @property
[docs] def is_subdag(self) -> bool: return self.parent_dag is not None
[docs] def full_filepath(self) -> str: """:meta private:""" warnings.warn( "DAG.full_filepath is deprecated in favour of fileloc", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self.fileloc
@full_filepath.setter def full_filepath(self, value) -> None: warnings.warn( "DAG.full_filepath is deprecated in favour of fileloc", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) self.fileloc = value @property
[docs] def concurrency(self) -> int: # TODO: Remove in Airflow 3.0 warnings.warn( "The 'DAG.concurrency' attribute is deprecated. Please use 'DAG.max_active_tasks'.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self._max_active_tasks
@concurrency.setter def concurrency(self, value: int): self._max_active_tasks = value @property
[docs] def max_active_tasks(self) -> int: return self._max_active_tasks
@max_active_tasks.setter def max_active_tasks(self, value: int): self._max_active_tasks = value @property
[docs] def access_control(self): return self._access_control
@access_control.setter def access_control(self, value): self._access_control = DAG._upgrade_outdated_dag_access_control(value) @property
[docs] def description(self) -> Optional[str]: return self._description
[docs] def default_view(self) -> str: return self._default_view
[docs] def pickle_id(self) -> Optional[int]: return self._pickle_id
@pickle_id.setter def pickle_id(self, value: int) -> None: self._pickle_id = value
[docs] def param(self, name: str, default: Any = NOTSET) -> DagParam: """ Return a DagParam object for current dag. :param name: dag parameter name. :param default: fallback value for dag parameter. :return: DagParam instance for specified name and current dag. """ return DagParam(current_dag=self, name=name, default=default)
[docs] def tasks(self) -> List[Operator]: return list(self.task_dict.values())
@tasks.setter def tasks(self, val): raise AttributeError('DAG.tasks can not be modified. Use dag.add_task() instead.') @property
[docs] def task_ids(self) -> List[str]: return list(self.task_dict.keys())
[docs] def task_group(self) -> "TaskGroup": return self._task_group
[docs] def filepath(self) -> str: """:meta private:""" warnings.warn( "filepath is deprecated, use relative_fileloc instead", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) return str(self.relative_fileloc)
[docs] def relative_fileloc(self) -> pathlib.Path: """File location of the importable dag 'file' relative to the configured DAGs folder.""" path = pathlib.Path(self.fileloc) try: return path.relative_to(settings.DAGS_FOLDER) except ValueError: # Not relative to DAGS_FOLDER. return path
[docs] def folder(self) -> str: """Folder location of where the DAG object is instantiated.""" return os.path.dirname(self.fileloc)
[docs] def owner(self) -> str: """ Return list of all owners found in DAG tasks. :return: Comma separated list of owners in DAG tasks :rtype: str """ return ", ".join({t.owner for t in self.tasks})
[docs] def allow_future_exec_dates(self) -> bool: return settings.ALLOW_FUTURE_EXEC_DATES and not self.timetable.can_run
[docs] def get_concurrency_reached(self, session=NEW_SESSION) -> bool: """ Returns a boolean indicating whether the max_active_tasks limit for this DAG has been reached """ TI = TaskInstance qry = session.query(func.count(TI.task_id)).filter( TI.dag_id == self.dag_id, TI.state == State.RUNNING, ) return qry.scalar() >= self.max_active_tasks
[docs] def concurrency_reached(self): """This attribute is deprecated. Please use `airflow.models.DAG.get_concurrency_reached` method.""" warnings.warn( "This attribute is deprecated. Please use `airflow.models.DAG.get_concurrency_reached` method.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self.get_concurrency_reached()
[docs] def get_is_active(self, session=NEW_SESSION) -> Optional[None]: """Returns a boolean indicating whether this DAG is active""" return session.query(DagModel.is_active).filter(DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id).scalar()
[docs] def get_is_paused(self, session=NEW_SESSION) -> Optional[None]: """Returns a boolean indicating whether this DAG is paused""" return session.query(DagModel.is_paused).filter(DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id).scalar()
[docs] def is_paused(self): """This attribute is deprecated. Please use `airflow.models.DAG.get_is_paused` method.""" warnings.warn( "This attribute is deprecated. Please use `airflow.models.DAG.get_is_paused` method.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self.get_is_paused()
[docs] def normalized_schedule_interval(self) -> ScheduleInterval: warnings.warn( "DAG.normalized_schedule_interval() is deprecated.", category=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) if isinstance(self.schedule_interval, str) and self.schedule_interval in cron_presets: _schedule_interval: ScheduleInterval = cron_presets.get(self.schedule_interval) elif self.schedule_interval == '@once': _schedule_interval = None else: _schedule_interval = self.schedule_interval return _schedule_interval
[docs] def handle_callback(self, dagrun, success=True, reason=None, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Triggers the appropriate callback depending on the value of success, namely the on_failure_callback or on_success_callback. This method gets the context of a single TaskInstance part of this DagRun and passes that to the callable along with a 'reason', primarily to differentiate DagRun failures. .. note: The logs end up in ``$AIRFLOW_HOME/logs/scheduler/latest/PROJECT/`` :param dagrun: DagRun object :param success: Flag to specify if failure or success callback should be called :param reason: Completion reason :param session: Database session """ callback = self.on_success_callback if success else self.on_failure_callback if callback:'Executing dag callback function: %s', callback) tis = dagrun.get_task_instances(session=session) ti = tis[-1] # get first TaskInstance of DagRun ti.task = self.get_task(ti.task_id) context = ti.get_template_context(session=session) context.update({'reason': reason}) try: callback(context) except Exception: self.log.exception("failed to invoke dag state update callback") Stats.incr("dag.callback_exceptions")
[docs] def get_active_runs(self): """ Returns a list of dag run execution dates currently running :return: List of execution dates """ runs = DagRun.find(dag_id=self.dag_id, state=State.RUNNING) active_dates = [] for run in runs: active_dates.append(run.execution_date) return active_dates
[docs] def get_num_active_runs(self, external_trigger=None, only_running=True, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Returns the number of active "running" dag runs :param external_trigger: True for externally triggered active dag runs :param session: :return: number greater than 0 for active dag runs """ # .count() is inefficient query = session.query(func.count()).filter(DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id) if only_running: query = query.filter(DagRun.state == State.RUNNING) else: query = query.filter(DagRun.state.in_({State.RUNNING, State.QUEUED})) if external_trigger is not None: query = query.filter( DagRun.external_trigger == (expression.true() if external_trigger else expression.false()) ) return query.scalar()
[docs] def get_dagrun( self, execution_date: Optional[datetime] = None, run_id: Optional[str] = None, session: Session = NEW_SESSION, ): """ Returns the dag run for a given execution date or run_id if it exists, otherwise none. :param execution_date: The execution date of the DagRun to find. :param run_id: The run_id of the DagRun to find. :param session: :return: The DagRun if found, otherwise None. """ if not (execution_date or run_id): raise TypeError("You must provide either the execution_date or the run_id") query = session.query(DagRun) if execution_date: query = query.filter(DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id, DagRun.execution_date == execution_date) if run_id: query = query.filter(DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id, DagRun.run_id == run_id) return query.first()
[docs] def get_dagruns_between(self, start_date, end_date, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Returns the list of dag runs between start_date (inclusive) and end_date (inclusive). :param start_date: The starting execution date of the DagRun to find. :param end_date: The ending execution date of the DagRun to find. :param session: :return: The list of DagRuns found. """ dagruns = ( session.query(DagRun) .filter( DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id, DagRun.execution_date >= start_date, DagRun.execution_date <= end_date, ) .all() ) return dagruns
[docs] def get_latest_execution_date(self, session: Session = NEW_SESSION) -> Optional[pendulum.DateTime]: """Returns the latest date for which at least one dag run exists""" return session.query(func.max(DagRun.execution_date)).filter(DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id).scalar()
[docs] def latest_execution_date(self): """This attribute is deprecated. Please use `airflow.models.DAG.get_latest_execution_date`.""" warnings.warn( "This attribute is deprecated. Please use `airflow.models.DAG.get_latest_execution_date`.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self.get_latest_execution_date()
[docs] def subdags(self): """Returns a list of the subdag objects associated to this DAG""" # Check SubDag for class but don't check class directly from airflow.operators.subdag import SubDagOperator subdag_lst = [] for task in self.tasks: if ( isinstance(task, SubDagOperator) or # TODO remove in Airflow 2.0 type(task).__name__ == 'SubDagOperator' or task.task_type == 'SubDagOperator' ): subdag_lst.append(task.subdag) subdag_lst += task.subdag.subdags return subdag_lst
[docs] def resolve_template_files(self): for t in self.tasks: t.resolve_template_files()
[docs] def get_template_env(self, *, force_sandboxed: bool = False) -> jinja2.Environment: """Build a Jinja2 environment.""" # Collect directories to search for template files searchpath = [self.folder] if self.template_searchpath: searchpath += self.template_searchpath # Default values (for backward compatibility) jinja_env_options = { 'loader': jinja2.FileSystemLoader(searchpath), 'undefined': self.template_undefined, 'extensions': [""], 'cache_size': 0, } if self.jinja_environment_kwargs: jinja_env_options.update(self.jinja_environment_kwargs) env: jinja2.Environment if self.render_template_as_native_obj and not force_sandboxed: env = airflow.templates.NativeEnvironment(**jinja_env_options) else: env = airflow.templates.SandboxedEnvironment(**jinja_env_options) # Add any user defined items. Safe to edit globals as long as no templates are rendered yet. # if self.user_defined_macros: env.globals.update(self.user_defined_macros) if self.user_defined_filters: env.filters.update(self.user_defined_filters) return env
[docs] def set_dependency(self, upstream_task_id, downstream_task_id): """ Simple utility method to set dependency between two tasks that already have been added to the DAG using add_task() """ self.get_task(upstream_task_id).set_downstream(self.get_task(downstream_task_id))
[docs] def get_task_instances_before( self, base_date: datetime, num: int, *, session: Session = NEW_SESSION, ) -> List[TaskInstance]: """Get ``num`` task instances before (including) ``base_date``. The returned list may contain exactly ``num`` task instances. It can have less if there are less than ``num`` scheduled DAG runs before ``base_date``, or more if there are manual task runs between the requested period, which does not count toward ``num``. """ min_date: Optional[datetime] = ( session.query(DagRun.execution_date) .filter( DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id, DagRun.execution_date <= base_date, DagRun.run_type != DagRunType.MANUAL, ) .order_by(DagRun.execution_date.desc()) .offset(num) .limit(1) .scalar() ) if min_date is None: min_date = timezone.utc_epoch() return self.get_task_instances(start_date=min_date, end_date=base_date, session=session)
[docs] def get_task_instances( self, start_date: Optional[datetime] = None, end_date: Optional[datetime] = None, state: Optional[List[TaskInstanceState]] = None, session: Session = NEW_SESSION, ) -> List[TaskInstance]: if not start_date: start_date = (timezone.utcnow() - timedelta(30)).replace( hour=0, minute=0, second=0, microsecond=0 ) query = self._get_task_instances( task_ids=None, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, run_id=None, state=state or (), include_subdags=False, include_parentdag=False, include_dependent_dags=False, exclude_task_ids=(), session=session, ) return cast(Query, query).order_by(DagRun.execution_date).all()
@overload def _get_task_instances( self, *, task_ids: Optional[Collection[Union[str, Tuple[str, int]]]], start_date: Optional[datetime], end_date: Optional[datetime], run_id: Optional[str], state: Union[TaskInstanceState, Sequence[TaskInstanceState]], include_subdags: bool, include_parentdag: bool, include_dependent_dags: bool, exclude_task_ids: Optional[Collection[Union[str, Tuple[str, int]]]], session: Session, dag_bag: Optional["DagBag"] = ..., ) -> Iterable[TaskInstance]: ... # pragma: no cover @overload def _get_task_instances( self, *, task_ids: Optional[Collection[Union[str, Tuple[str, int]]]], as_pk_tuple: Literal[True], start_date: Optional[datetime], end_date: Optional[datetime], run_id: Optional[str], state: Union[TaskInstanceState, Sequence[TaskInstanceState]], include_subdags: bool, include_parentdag: bool, include_dependent_dags: bool, exclude_task_ids: Optional[Collection[Union[str, Tuple[str, int]]]], session: Session, dag_bag: Optional["DagBag"] = ..., recursion_depth: int = ..., max_recursion_depth: int = ..., visited_external_tis: Set[TaskInstanceKey] = ..., ) -> Set["TaskInstanceKey"]: ... # pragma: no cover def _get_task_instances( self, *, task_ids: Optional[Collection[Union[str, Tuple[str, int]]]], as_pk_tuple: Literal[True, None] = None, start_date: Optional[datetime], end_date: Optional[datetime], run_id: Optional[str], state: Union[TaskInstanceState, Sequence[TaskInstanceState]], include_subdags: bool, include_parentdag: bool, include_dependent_dags: bool, exclude_task_ids: Optional[Collection[Union[str, Tuple[str, int]]]], session: Session, dag_bag: Optional["DagBag"] = None, recursion_depth: int = 0, max_recursion_depth: Optional[int] = None, visited_external_tis: Optional[Set[TaskInstanceKey]] = None, ) -> Union[Iterable[TaskInstance], Set[TaskInstanceKey]]: TI = TaskInstance # If we are looking at subdags/dependent dags we want to avoid UNION calls # in SQL (it doesn't play nice with fields that have no equality operator, # like JSON types), we instead build our result set separately. # # This will be empty if we are only looking at one dag, in which case # we can return the filtered TI query object directly. result: Set[TaskInstanceKey] = set() # Do we want full objects, or just the primary columns? if as_pk_tuple: tis = session.query(TI.dag_id, TI.task_id, TI.run_id, TI.map_index) else: tis = session.query(TaskInstance) tis = tis.join(TaskInstance.dag_run) if include_subdags: # Crafting the right filter for dag_id and task_ids combo conditions = [] for dag in self.subdags + [self]: conditions.append( (TaskInstance.dag_id == dag.dag_id) & TaskInstance.task_id.in_(dag.task_ids) ) tis = tis.filter(or_(*conditions)) elif self.partial: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.dag_id == self.dag_id, TaskInstance.task_id.in_(self.task_ids)) else: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.dag_id == self.dag_id) if run_id: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.run_id == run_id) if start_date: tis = tis.filter(DagRun.execution_date >= start_date) if task_ids is not None: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.ti_selector_condition(task_ids)) # This allows allow_trigger_in_future config to take affect, rather than mandating exec_date <= UTC if end_date or not self.allow_future_exec_dates: end_date = end_date or timezone.utcnow() tis = tis.filter(DagRun.execution_date <= end_date) if state: if isinstance(state, (str, TaskInstanceState)): tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.state == state) elif len(state) == 1: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.state == state[0]) else: # this is required to deal with NULL values if None in state: if all(x is None for x in state): tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.state.is_(None)) else: not_none_state = [s for s in state if s] tis = tis.filter( or_(TaskInstance.state.in_(not_none_state), TaskInstance.state.is_(None)) ) else: tis = tis.filter(TaskInstance.state.in_(state)) # Next, get any of them from our parent DAG (if there is one) if include_parentdag and self.parent_dag is not None: if visited_external_tis is None: visited_external_tis = set() p_dag = self.parent_dag.partial_subset( task_ids_or_regex=r"^{}$".format(self.dag_id.split('.')[1]), include_upstream=False, include_downstream=True, ) result.update( p_dag._get_task_instances( task_ids=task_ids, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, run_id=None, state=state, include_subdags=include_subdags, include_parentdag=False, include_dependent_dags=include_dependent_dags, as_pk_tuple=True, exclude_task_ids=exclude_task_ids, session=session, dag_bag=dag_bag, recursion_depth=recursion_depth, max_recursion_depth=max_recursion_depth, visited_external_tis=visited_external_tis, ) ) if include_dependent_dags: # Recursively find external tasks indicated by ExternalTaskMarker from airflow.sensors.external_task import ExternalTaskMarker query = tis if as_pk_tuple: condition = TI.filter_for_tis(TaskInstanceKey(*cols) for cols in tis.all()) if condition is not None: query = session.query(TI).filter(condition) if visited_external_tis is None: visited_external_tis = set() for ti in query.filter(TI.operator == ExternalTaskMarker.__name__): ti_key = ti.key.primary if ti_key in visited_external_tis: continue visited_external_tis.add(ti_key) task: ExternalTaskMarker = cast(ExternalTaskMarker, copy.copy(self.get_task(ti.task_id))) ti.task = task if max_recursion_depth is None: # Maximum recursion depth allowed is the recursion_depth of the first # ExternalTaskMarker in the tasks to be visited. max_recursion_depth = task.recursion_depth if recursion_depth + 1 > max_recursion_depth: # Prevent cycles or accidents. raise AirflowException( f"Maximum recursion depth {max_recursion_depth} reached for " f"{ExternalTaskMarker.__name__} {ti.task_id}. " f"Attempted to clear too many tasks or there may be a cyclic dependency." ) ti.render_templates() external_tis = ( session.query(TI) .join(TI.dag_run) .filter( TI.dag_id == task.external_dag_id, TI.task_id == task.external_task_id, DagRun.execution_date == pendulum.parse(task.execution_date), ) ) for tii in external_tis: if not dag_bag: dag_bag = DagBag(read_dags_from_db=True) external_dag = dag_bag.get_dag(tii.dag_id, session=session) if not external_dag: raise AirflowException(f"Could not find dag {tii.dag_id}") downstream = external_dag.partial_subset( task_ids_or_regex=[tii.task_id], include_upstream=False, include_downstream=True, ) result.update( downstream._get_task_instances( task_ids=None, run_id=tii.run_id, start_date=None, end_date=None, state=state, include_subdags=include_subdags, include_dependent_dags=include_dependent_dags, include_parentdag=False, as_pk_tuple=True, exclude_task_ids=exclude_task_ids, dag_bag=dag_bag, session=session, recursion_depth=recursion_depth + 1, max_recursion_depth=max_recursion_depth, visited_external_tis=visited_external_tis, ) ) if result or as_pk_tuple: # Only execute the `ti` query if we have also collected some other results (i.e. subdags etc.) if as_pk_tuple: result.update(TaskInstanceKey(*cols) for cols in tis.all()) else: result.update(ti.key for ti in tis) if exclude_task_ids is not None: result = { task for task in result if task.task_id not in exclude_task_ids and (task.task_id, task.map_index) not in exclude_task_ids } if as_pk_tuple: return result if result: # We've been asked for objects, lets combine it all back in to a result set ti_filters = TI.filter_for_tis(result) if ti_filters is not None: tis = session.query(TI).filter(ti_filters) elif exclude_task_ids is None: pass # Disable filter if not set. elif isinstance(next(iter(exclude_task_ids), None), str): tis = tis.filter(TI.task_id.notin_(exclude_task_ids)) else: tis = tis.filter(not_(tuple_in_condition((TI.task_id, TI.map_index), exclude_task_ids))) return tis @provide_session
[docs] def set_task_instance_state( self, *, task_id: str, map_indexes: Optional[Collection[int]] = None, execution_date: Optional[datetime] = None, run_id: Optional[str] = None, state: TaskInstanceState, upstream: bool = False, downstream: bool = False, future: bool = False, past: bool = False, commit: bool = True, session=NEW_SESSION, ) -> List[TaskInstance]: """ Set the state of a TaskInstance to the given state, and clear its downstream tasks that are in failed or upstream_failed state. :param task_id: Task ID of the TaskInstance :param map_indexes: Only set TaskInstance if its map_index matches. If None (default), all mapped TaskInstances of the task are set. :param execution_date: Execution date of the TaskInstance :param run_id: The run_id of the TaskInstance :param state: State to set the TaskInstance to :param upstream: Include all upstream tasks of the given task_id :param downstream: Include all downstream tasks of the given task_id :param future: Include all future TaskInstances of the given task_id :param commit: Commit changes :param past: Include all past TaskInstances of the given task_id """ from airflow.api.common.mark_tasks import set_state if not exactly_one(execution_date, run_id): raise ValueError("Exactly one of execution_date or run_id must be provided") task = self.get_task(task_id) task.dag = self tasks_to_set_state: List[Union[Operator, Tuple[Operator, int]]] if map_indexes is None: tasks_to_set_state = [task] else: tasks_to_set_state = [(task, map_index) for map_index in map_indexes] altered = set_state( tasks=tasks_to_set_state, execution_date=execution_date, run_id=run_id, upstream=upstream, downstream=downstream, future=future, past=past, state=state, commit=commit, session=session, ) if not commit: return altered # Clear downstream tasks that are in failed/upstream_failed state to resume them. # Flush the session so that the tasks marked success are reflected in the db. session.flush() subdag = self.partial_subset( task_ids_or_regex={task_id}, include_downstream=True, include_upstream=False, ) if execution_date is None: dag_run = ( session.query(DagRun).filter(DagRun.run_id == run_id, DagRun.dag_id == self.dag_id).one() ) # Raises an error if not found resolve_execution_date = dag_run.execution_date else: resolve_execution_date = execution_date end_date = resolve_execution_date if not future else None start_date = resolve_execution_date if not past else None subdag.clear( start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, include_subdags=True, include_parentdag=True, only_failed=True, session=session, # Exclude the task itself from being cleared exclude_task_ids={task_id}, ) return altered
[docs] def roots(self) -> List[Operator]: """Return nodes with no parents. These are first to execute and are called roots or root nodes.""" return [task for task in self.tasks if not task.upstream_list]
[docs] def leaves(self) -> List[Operator]: """Return nodes with no children. These are last to execute and are called leaves or leaf nodes.""" return [task for task in self.tasks if not task.downstream_list]
[docs] def topological_sort(self, include_subdag_tasks: bool = False): """ Sorts tasks in topographical order, such that a task comes after any of its upstream dependencies. Deprecated in place of ``task_group.topological_sort`` """ from airflow.utils.task_group import TaskGroup def nested_topo(group): for node in group.topological_sort(_include_subdag_tasks=include_subdag_tasks): if isinstance(node, TaskGroup): yield from nested_topo(node) else: yield node return tuple(nested_topo(self.task_group))
[docs] def set_dag_runs_state( self, state: str = State.RUNNING, session: Session = NEW_SESSION, start_date: Optional[datetime] = None, end_date: Optional[datetime] = None, dag_ids: List[str] = [], ) -> None: warnings.warn( "This method is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=3, ) dag_ids = dag_ids or [self.dag_id] query = session.query(DagRun).filter(DagRun.dag_id.in_(dag_ids)) if start_date: query = query.filter(DagRun.execution_date >= start_date) if end_date: query = query.filter(DagRun.execution_date <= end_date) query.update({DagRun.state: state}, synchronize_session='fetch')
[docs] def clear( self, task_ids: Union[Collection[str], Collection[Tuple[str, int]], None] = None, start_date: Optional[datetime] = None, end_date: Optional[datetime] = None, only_failed: bool = False, only_running: bool = False, confirm_prompt: bool = False, include_subdags: bool = True, include_parentdag: bool = True, dag_run_state: DagRunState = DagRunState.QUEUED, dry_run: bool = False, session: Session = NEW_SESSION, get_tis: bool = False, recursion_depth: int = 0, max_recursion_depth: Optional[int] = None, dag_bag: Optional["DagBag"] = None, exclude_task_ids: Union[FrozenSet[str], FrozenSet[Tuple[str, int]], None] = frozenset(), ) -> Union[int, Iterable[TaskInstance]]: """ Clears a set of task instances associated with the current dag for a specified date range. :param task_ids: List of task ids or (``task_id``, ``map_index``) tuples to clear :param start_date: The minimum execution_date to clear :param end_date: The maximum execution_date to clear :param only_failed: Only clear failed tasks :param only_running: Only clear running tasks. :param confirm_prompt: Ask for confirmation :param include_subdags: Clear tasks in subdags and clear external tasks indicated by ExternalTaskMarker :param include_parentdag: Clear tasks in the parent dag of the subdag. :param dag_run_state: state to set DagRun to. If set to False, dagrun state will not be changed. :param dry_run: Find the tasks to clear but don't clear them. :param session: The sqlalchemy session to use :param dag_bag: The DagBag used to find the dags subdags (Optional) :param exclude_task_ids: A set of ``task_id`` or (``task_id``, ``map_index``) tuples that should not be cleared """ if get_tis: warnings.warn( "Passing `get_tis` to dag.clear() is deprecated. Use `dry_run` parameter instead.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) dry_run = True if recursion_depth: warnings.warn( "Passing `recursion_depth` to dag.clear() is deprecated.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) if max_recursion_depth: warnings.warn( "Passing `max_recursion_depth` to dag.clear() is deprecated.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) state = [] if only_failed: state += [State.FAILED, State.UPSTREAM_FAILED] if only_running: # Yes, having `+=` doesn't make sense, but this was the existing behaviour state += [State.RUNNING] tis = self._get_task_instances( task_ids=task_ids, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, run_id=None, state=state, include_subdags=include_subdags, include_parentdag=include_parentdag, include_dependent_dags=include_subdags, # compat, yes this is not a typo session=session, dag_bag=dag_bag, exclude_task_ids=exclude_task_ids, ) if dry_run: return tis tis = list(tis) count = len(tis) do_it = True if count == 0: return 0 if confirm_prompt: ti_list = "\n".join(str(t) for t in tis) question = ( "You are about to delete these {count} tasks:\n{ti_list}\n\nAre you sure? [y/n]" ).format(count=count, ti_list=ti_list) do_it = utils.helpers.ask_yesno(question) if do_it: clear_task_instances( tis, session, dag=self, dag_run_state=dag_run_state, ) else: count = 0 print("Cancelled, nothing was cleared.") session.flush() return count
[docs] def clear_dags( cls, dags, start_date=None, end_date=None, only_failed=False, only_running=False, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=True, include_parentdag=False, dag_run_state=DagRunState.QUEUED, dry_run=False, ): all_tis = [] for dag in dags: tis = dag.clear( start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, only_failed=only_failed, only_running=only_running, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=include_subdags, include_parentdag=include_parentdag, dag_run_state=dag_run_state, dry_run=True, ) all_tis.extend(tis) if dry_run: return all_tis count = len(all_tis) do_it = True if count == 0: print("Nothing to clear.") return 0 if confirm_prompt: ti_list = "\n".join(str(t) for t in all_tis) question = f"You are about to delete these {count} tasks:\n{ti_list}\n\nAre you sure? [y/n]" do_it = utils.helpers.ask_yesno(question) if do_it: for dag in dags: dag.clear( start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, only_failed=only_failed, only_running=only_running, confirm_prompt=False, include_subdags=include_subdags, dag_run_state=dag_run_state, dry_run=False, ) else: count = 0 print("Cancelled, nothing was cleared.") return count
[docs] def __deepcopy__(self, memo): # Switcharoo to go around deepcopying objects coming through the # backdoor cls = self.__class__ result = cls.__new__(cls) memo[id(self)] = result for k, v in self.__dict__.items(): if k not in ('user_defined_macros', 'user_defined_filters', '_log'): setattr(result, k, copy.deepcopy(v, memo)) result.user_defined_macros = self.user_defined_macros result.user_defined_filters = self.user_defined_filters if hasattr(self, '_log'): result._log = self._log return result
[docs] def sub_dag(self, *args, **kwargs): """This method is deprecated in favor of partial_subset""" warnings.warn( "This method is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Please use partial_subset", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return self.partial_subset(*args, **kwargs)
[docs] def partial_subset( self, task_ids_or_regex: Union[str, re.Pattern, Iterable[str]], include_downstream=False, include_upstream=True, include_direct_upstream=False, ): """ Returns a subset of the current dag as a deep copy of the current dag based on a regex that should match one or many tasks, and includes upstream and downstream neighbours based on the flag passed. :param task_ids_or_regex: Either a list of task_ids, or a regex to match against task ids (as a string, or compiled regex pattern). :param include_downstream: Include all downstream tasks of matched tasks, in addition to matched tasks. :param include_upstream: Include all upstream tasks of matched tasks, in addition to matched tasks. :param include_direct_upstream: Include all tasks directly upstream of matched and downstream (if include_downstream = True) tasks """ from airflow.models.baseoperator import BaseOperator from airflow.models.mappedoperator import MappedOperator # deep-copying self.task_dict and self._task_group takes a long time, and we don't want all # the tasks anyway, so we copy the tasks manually later memo = {id(self.task_dict): None, id(self._task_group): None} dag = copy.deepcopy(self, memo) # type: ignore if isinstance(task_ids_or_regex, (str, re.Pattern)): matched_tasks = [t for t in self.tasks if re.findall(task_ids_or_regex, t.task_id)] else: matched_tasks = [t for t in self.tasks if t.task_id in task_ids_or_regex] also_include: List[Operator] = [] for t in matched_tasks: if include_downstream: also_include.extend(t.get_flat_relatives(upstream=False)) if include_upstream: also_include.extend(t.get_flat_relatives(upstream=True)) direct_upstreams: List[Operator] = [] if include_direct_upstream: for t in itertools.chain(matched_tasks, also_include): upstream = (u for u in t.upstream_list if isinstance(u, (BaseOperator, MappedOperator))) direct_upstreams.extend(upstream) # Compiling the unique list of tasks that made the cut # Make sure to not recursively deepcopy the dag or task_group while copying the task. # task_group is reset later def _deepcopy_task(t) -> "Operator": memo.setdefault(id(t.task_group), None) return copy.deepcopy(t, memo) dag.task_dict = { t.task_id: _deepcopy_task(t) for t in itertools.chain(matched_tasks, also_include, direct_upstreams) } def filter_task_group(group, parent_group): """Exclude tasks not included in the subdag from the given TaskGroup.""" copied = copy.copy(group) copied.used_group_ids = set(copied.used_group_ids) copied._parent_group = parent_group copied.children = {} for child in group.children.values(): if isinstance(child, AbstractOperator): if child.task_id in dag.task_dict: task = copied.children[child.task_id] = dag.task_dict[child.task_id] task.task_group = weakref.proxy(copied) else: copied.used_group_ids.discard(child.task_id) else: filtered_child = filter_task_group(child, copied) # Only include this child TaskGroup if it is non-empty. if filtered_child.children: copied.children[child.group_id] = filtered_child return copied dag._task_group = filter_task_group(self._task_group, None) # Removing upstream/downstream references to tasks and TaskGroups that did not make # the cut. subdag_task_groups = dag.task_group.get_task_group_dict() for group in subdag_task_groups.values(): group.upstream_group_ids.intersection_update(subdag_task_groups) group.downstream_group_ids.intersection_update(subdag_task_groups) group.upstream_task_ids.intersection_update(dag.task_dict) group.downstream_task_ids.intersection_update(dag.task_dict) for t in dag.tasks: # Removing upstream/downstream references to tasks that did not # make the cut t.upstream_task_ids.intersection_update(dag.task_dict) t.downstream_task_ids.intersection_update(dag.task_dict) if len(dag.tasks) < len(self.tasks): dag.partial = True return dag
[docs] def has_task(self, task_id: str): return task_id in self.task_dict
[docs] def get_task(self, task_id: str, include_subdags: bool = False) -> Operator: if task_id in self.task_dict: return self.task_dict[task_id] if include_subdags: for dag in self.subdags: if task_id in dag.task_dict: return dag.task_dict[task_id] raise TaskNotFound(f"Task {task_id} not found")
[docs] def pickle_info(self): d = {} d['is_picklable'] = True try: dttm = timezone.utcnow() pickled = pickle.dumps(self) d['pickle_len'] = len(pickled) d['pickling_duration'] = str(timezone.utcnow() - dttm) except Exception as e: self.log.debug(e) d['is_picklable'] = False d['stacktrace'] = traceback.format_exc() return d
[docs] def pickle(self, session=NEW_SESSION) -> DagPickle: dag = session.query(DagModel).filter(DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id).first() dp = None if dag and dag.pickle_id: dp = session.query(DagPickle).filter( == dag.pickle_id).first() if not dp or dp.pickle != self: dp = DagPickle(dag=self) session.add(dp) self.last_pickled = timezone.utcnow() session.commit() self.pickle_id = return dp
[docs] def tree_view(self) -> None: """Print an ASCII tree representation of the DAG.""" def get_downstream(task, level=0): print((" " * level * 4) + str(task)) level += 1 for t in task.downstream_list: get_downstream(t, level) for t in self.roots: get_downstream(t)
[docs] def task(self) -> "TaskDecoratorCollection": from airflow.decorators import task return cast("TaskDecoratorCollection", functools.partial(task, dag=self))
[docs] def add_task(self, task: Operator) -> None: """ Add a task to the DAG :param task: the task you want to add """ from airflow.utils.task_group import TaskGroupContext if not self.start_date and not task.start_date: raise AirflowException("DAG is missing the start_date parameter") # if the task has no start date, assign it the same as the DAG elif not task.start_date: task.start_date = self.start_date # otherwise, the task will start on the later of its own start date and # the DAG's start date elif self.start_date: task.start_date = max(task.start_date, self.start_date) # if the task has no end date, assign it the same as the dag if not task.end_date: task.end_date = self.end_date # otherwise, the task will end on the earlier of its own end date and # the DAG's end date elif task.end_date and self.end_date: task.end_date = min(task.end_date, self.end_date) task_id = task.task_id if not task.task_group: task_group = TaskGroupContext.get_current_task_group(self) if task_group: task_id = task_group.child_id(task_id) task_group.add(task) if ( task_id in self.task_dict and self.task_dict[task_id] is not task ) or task_id in self._task_group.used_group_ids: raise DuplicateTaskIdFound(f"Task id '{task_id}' has already been added to the DAG") else: self.task_dict[task_id] = task task.dag = self # Add task_id to used_group_ids to prevent group_id and task_id collisions. self._task_group.used_group_ids.add(task_id) self.task_count = len(self.task_dict)
[docs] def add_tasks(self, tasks: Iterable[Operator]) -> None: """ Add a list of tasks to the DAG :param tasks: a lit of tasks you want to add """ for task in tasks: self.add_task(task)
def _remove_task(self, task_id: str) -> None: # This is "private" as removing could leave a hole in dependencies if done incorrectly, and this # doesn't guard against that task = self.task_dict.pop(task_id) tg = getattr(task, 'task_group', None) if tg: tg._remove(task) self.task_count = len(self.task_dict)
[docs] def run( self, start_date=None, end_date=None, mark_success=False, local=False, executor=None, donot_pickle=conf.getboolean('core', 'donot_pickle'), ignore_task_deps=False, ignore_first_depends_on_past=True, pool=None, delay_on_limit_secs=1.0, verbose=False, conf=None, rerun_failed_tasks=False, run_backwards=False, run_at_least_once=False, continue_on_failures=False, ): """ Runs the DAG. :param start_date: the start date of the range to run :param end_date: the end date of the range to run :param mark_success: True to mark jobs as succeeded without running them :param local: True to run the tasks using the LocalExecutor :param executor: The executor instance to run the tasks :param donot_pickle: True to avoid pickling DAG object and send to workers :param ignore_task_deps: True to skip upstream tasks :param ignore_first_depends_on_past: True to ignore depends_on_past dependencies for the first set of tasks only :param pool: Resource pool to use :param delay_on_limit_secs: Time in seconds to wait before next attempt to run dag run when max_active_runs limit has been reached :param verbose: Make logging output more verbose :param conf: user defined dictionary passed from CLI :param rerun_failed_tasks: :param run_backwards: :param run_at_least_once: If true, always run the DAG at least once even if no logical run exists within the time range. """ from import BackfillJob if not executor and local: from airflow.executors.local_executor import LocalExecutor executor = LocalExecutor() elif not executor: from airflow.executors.executor_loader import ExecutorLoader executor = ExecutorLoader.get_default_executor() job = BackfillJob( self, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, mark_success=mark_success, executor=executor, donot_pickle=donot_pickle, ignore_task_deps=ignore_task_deps, ignore_first_depends_on_past=ignore_first_depends_on_past, pool=pool, delay_on_limit_secs=delay_on_limit_secs, verbose=verbose, conf=conf, rerun_failed_tasks=rerun_failed_tasks, run_backwards=run_backwards, run_at_least_once=run_at_least_once, continue_on_failures=continue_on_failures, )
[docs] def cli(self): """Exposes a CLI specific to this DAG""" check_cycle(self) from airflow.cli import cli_parser parser = cli_parser.get_parser(dag_parser=True) args = parser.parse_args() args.func(args, self)
[docs] def create_dagrun( self, state: DagRunState, execution_date: Optional[datetime] = None, run_id: Optional[str] = None, start_date: Optional[datetime] = None, external_trigger: Optional[bool] = False, conf: Optional[dict] = None, run_type: Optional[DagRunType] = None, session=NEW_SESSION, dag_hash: Optional[str] = None, creating_job_id: Optional[int] = None, data_interval: Optional[Tuple[datetime, datetime]] = None, ): """ Creates a dag run from this dag including the tasks associated with this dag. Returns the dag run. :param run_id: defines the run id for this dag run :param run_type: type of DagRun :param execution_date: the execution date of this dag run :param state: the state of the dag run :param start_date: the date this dag run should be evaluated :param external_trigger: whether this dag run is externally triggered :param conf: Dict containing configuration/parameters to pass to the DAG :param creating_job_id: id of the job creating this DagRun :param session: database session :param dag_hash: Hash of Serialized DAG :param data_interval: Data interval of the DagRun """ if run_id: # Infer run_type from run_id if needed. if not isinstance(run_id, str): raise ValueError(f"`run_id` should be a str, not {type(run_id)}") if not run_type: run_type = DagRunType.from_run_id(run_id) elif run_type and execution_date is not None: # Generate run_id from run_type and execution_date. if not isinstance(run_type, DagRunType): raise ValueError(f"`run_type` should be a DagRunType, not {type(run_type)}") run_id = DagRun.generate_run_id(run_type, execution_date) else: raise AirflowException( "Creating DagRun needs either `run_id` or both `run_type` and `execution_date`" ) if run_id and "/" in run_id: warnings.warn( "Using forward slash ('/') in a DAG run ID is deprecated. Note that this character " "also makes the run impossible to retrieve via Airflow's REST API.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=3, ) logical_date = timezone.coerce_datetime(execution_date) if data_interval is None and logical_date is not None: warnings.warn( "Calling `DAG.create_dagrun()` without an explicit data interval is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=3, ) if run_type == DagRunType.MANUAL: data_interval = self.timetable.infer_manual_data_interval(run_after=logical_date) else: data_interval = self.infer_automated_data_interval(logical_date) # create a copy of params before validating copied_params = copy.deepcopy(self.params) copied_params.update(conf or {}) copied_params.validate() run = DagRun( dag_id=self.dag_id, run_id=run_id, execution_date=logical_date, start_date=start_date, external_trigger=external_trigger, conf=conf, state=state, run_type=run_type, dag_hash=dag_hash, creating_job_id=creating_job_id, data_interval=data_interval, ) session.add(run) session.flush() run.dag = self # create the associated task instances # state is None at the moment of creation run.verify_integrity(session=session) return run
@classmethod @provide_session
[docs] def bulk_sync_to_db(cls, dags: Collection["DAG"], session=NEW_SESSION): """This method is deprecated in favor of bulk_write_to_db""" warnings.warn( "This method is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Please use bulk_write_to_db", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) return cls.bulk_write_to_db(dags, session)
@classmethod @provide_session
[docs] def bulk_write_to_db(cls, dags: Collection["DAG"], session=NEW_SESSION): """ Ensure the DagModel rows for the given dags are up-to-date in the dag table in the DB, including calculated fields. Note that this method can be called for both DAGs and SubDAGs. A SubDag is actually a SubDagOperator. :param dags: the DAG objects to save to the DB :return: None """ if not dags: return"Sync %s DAGs", len(dags)) dag_by_ids = {dag.dag_id: dag for dag in dags} dag_ids = set(dag_by_ids.keys()) query = ( session.query(DagModel) .options(joinedload(DagModel.tags, innerjoin=False)) .filter(DagModel.dag_id.in_(dag_ids)) ) orm_dags: List[DagModel] = with_row_locks(query, of=DagModel, session=session).all() existing_dag_ids = {orm_dag.dag_id for orm_dag in orm_dags} missing_dag_ids = dag_ids.difference(existing_dag_ids) for missing_dag_id in missing_dag_ids: orm_dag = DagModel(dag_id=missing_dag_id) dag = dag_by_ids[missing_dag_id] if dag.is_paused_upon_creation is not None: orm_dag.is_paused = dag.is_paused_upon_creation orm_dag.tags = []"Creating ORM DAG for %s", dag.dag_id) session.add(orm_dag) orm_dags.append(orm_dag) # Get the latest dag run for each existing dag as a single query (avoid n+1 query) most_recent_subq = ( session.query(DagRun.dag_id, func.max(DagRun.execution_date).label("max_execution_date")) .filter( DagRun.dag_id.in_(existing_dag_ids), or_(DagRun.run_type == DagRunType.BACKFILL_JOB, DagRun.run_type == DagRunType.SCHEDULED), ) .group_by(DagRun.dag_id) .subquery() ) most_recent_runs_iter = session.query(DagRun).filter( DagRun.dag_id == most_recent_subq.c.dag_id, DagRun.execution_date == most_recent_subq.c.max_execution_date, ) most_recent_runs = {run.dag_id: run for run in most_recent_runs_iter} # Get number of active dagruns for all dags we are processing as a single query. num_active_runs = DagRun.active_runs_of_dags(dag_ids=existing_dag_ids, session=session) filelocs = [] for orm_dag in sorted(orm_dags, key=lambda d: d.dag_id): dag = dag_by_ids[orm_dag.dag_id] filelocs.append(dag.fileloc) if dag.is_subdag: orm_dag.is_subdag = True orm_dag.fileloc = dag.parent_dag.fileloc # type: ignore orm_dag.root_dag_id = dag.parent_dag.dag_id # type: ignore orm_dag.owners = dag.parent_dag.owner # type: ignore else: orm_dag.is_subdag = False orm_dag.fileloc = dag.fileloc orm_dag.owners = dag.owner orm_dag.is_active = True orm_dag.has_import_errors = False orm_dag.last_parsed_time = timezone.utcnow() orm_dag.default_view = dag.default_view orm_dag.description = dag.description orm_dag.schedule_interval = dag.schedule_interval orm_dag.max_active_tasks = dag.max_active_tasks orm_dag.max_active_runs = dag.max_active_runs orm_dag.has_task_concurrency_limits = any(t.max_active_tis_per_dag is not None for t in dag.tasks) orm_dag.timetable_description = dag.timetable.description run: Optional[DagRun] = most_recent_runs.get(dag.dag_id) if run is None: data_interval = None else: data_interval = dag.get_run_data_interval(run) if num_active_runs.get(dag.dag_id, 0) >= orm_dag.max_active_runs: orm_dag.next_dagrun_create_after = None else: orm_dag.calculate_dagrun_date_fields(dag, data_interval) dag_tags = set(dag.tags or {}) orm_dag_tags = list(orm_dag.tags or []) for orm_tag in orm_dag_tags: if not in dag_tags: session.delete(orm_tag) orm_dag.tags.remove(orm_tag) orm_tag_names = { for t in orm_dag_tags} for dag_tag in dag_tags: if dag_tag not in orm_tag_names: dag_tag_orm = DagTag(name=dag_tag, dag_id=dag.dag_id) orm_dag.tags.append(dag_tag_orm) session.add(dag_tag_orm) DagCode.bulk_sync_to_db(filelocs, session=session) # Issue SQL/finish "Unit of Work", but let @provide_session commit (or if passed a session, let caller # decide when to commit session.flush() for dag in dags: cls.bulk_write_to_db(dag.subdags, session=session)
[docs] def sync_to_db(self, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Save attributes about this DAG to the DB. Note that this method can be called for both DAGs and SubDAGs. A SubDag is actually a SubDagOperator. :return: None """ self.bulk_write_to_db([self], session)
[docs] def get_default_view(self): """This is only there for backward compatible jinja2 templates""" if self.default_view is None: return conf.get('webserver', 'dag_default_view').lower() else: return self.default_view
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def deactivate_unknown_dags(active_dag_ids, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Given a list of known DAGs, deactivate any other DAGs that are marked as active in the ORM :param active_dag_ids: list of DAG IDs that are active :return: None """ if len(active_dag_ids) == 0: return for dag in session.query(DagModel).filter(~DagModel.dag_id.in_(active_dag_ids)).all(): dag.is_active = False session.merge(dag) session.commit()
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def deactivate_stale_dags(expiration_date, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Deactivate any DAGs that were last touched by the scheduler before the expiration date. These DAGs were likely deleted. :param expiration_date: set inactive DAGs that were touched before this time :return: None """ for dag in ( session.query(DagModel) .filter(DagModel.last_parsed_time < expiration_date, DagModel.is_active) .all() ): "Deactivating DAG ID %s since it was last touched by the scheduler at %s", dag.dag_id, dag.last_parsed_time.isoformat(), ) dag.is_active = False session.merge(dag) session.commit()
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_num_task_instances(dag_id, task_ids=None, states=None, session=NEW_SESSION): """ Returns the number of task instances in the given DAG. :param session: ORM session :param dag_id: ID of the DAG to get the task concurrency of :param task_ids: A list of valid task IDs for the given DAG :param states: A list of states to filter by if supplied :return: The number of running tasks :rtype: int """ qry = session.query(func.count(TaskInstance.task_id)).filter( TaskInstance.dag_id == dag_id, ) if task_ids: qry = qry.filter( TaskInstance.task_id.in_(task_ids), ) if states: if None in states: if all(x is None for x in states): qry = qry.filter(TaskInstance.state.is_(None)) else: not_none_states = [state for state in states if state] qry = qry.filter( or_(TaskInstance.state.in_(not_none_states), TaskInstance.state.is_(None)) ) else: qry = qry.filter(TaskInstance.state.in_(states)) return qry.scalar()
[docs] def get_serialized_fields(cls): """Stringified DAGs and operators contain exactly these fields.""" if not cls.__serialized_fields: cls.__serialized_fields = frozenset(vars(DAG(dag_id='test')).keys()) - { 'parent_dag', '_old_context_manager_dags', 'safe_dag_id', 'last_loaded', 'user_defined_filters', 'user_defined_macros', 'partial', 'params', '_pickle_id', '_log', 'task_dict', 'template_searchpath', 'sla_miss_callback', 'on_success_callback', 'on_failure_callback', 'template_undefined', 'jinja_environment_kwargs', # has_on_*_callback are only stored if the value is True, as the default is False 'has_on_success_callback', 'has_on_failure_callback', } return cls.__serialized_fields
[docs] def get_edge_info(self, upstream_task_id: str, downstream_task_id: str) -> EdgeInfoType: """ Returns edge information for the given pair of tasks if present, and an empty edge if there is no information. """ # Note - older serialized DAGs may not have edge_info being a dict at all empty = cast(EdgeInfoType, {}) if self.edge_info: return self.edge_info.get(upstream_task_id, {}).get(downstream_task_id, empty) else: return empty
[docs] def set_edge_info(self, upstream_task_id: str, downstream_task_id: str, info: EdgeInfoType): """ Sets the given edge information on the DAG. Note that this will overwrite, rather than merge with, existing info. """ self.edge_info.setdefault(upstream_task_id, {})[downstream_task_id] = info
[docs] def validate_schedule_and_params(self): """ Validates & raise exception if there are any Params in the DAG which neither have a default value nor have the null in schema['type'] list, but the DAG have a schedule_interval which is not None. """ if not self.timetable.can_run: return for k, v in self.params.items(): # As type can be an array, we would check if `null` is an allowed type or not if not v.has_value and ("type" not in v.schema or "null" not in v.schema["type"]): raise AirflowException( "DAG Schedule must be None, if there are any required params without default values"
[docs]class DagTag(Base): """A tag name per dag, to allow quick filtering in the DAG view."""
[docs] __tablename__ = "dag_tag"
[docs] name = Column(String(100), primary_key=True)
[docs] dag_id = Column( String(ID_LEN), ForeignKey('dag.dag_id', name='dag_tag_dag_id_fkey', ondelete='CASCADE'), primary_key=True,
[docs] def __repr__(self): return
[docs]class DagModel(Base): """Table containing DAG properties"""
[docs] __tablename__ = "dag"
""" These items are stored in the database for state related information """
[docs] dag_id = Column(String(ID_LEN), primary_key=True)
[docs] root_dag_id = Column(String(ID_LEN))
# A DAG can be paused from the UI / DB # Set this default value of is_paused based on a configuration value!
[docs] is_paused_at_creation = conf.getboolean('core', 'dags_are_paused_at_creation')
[docs] is_paused = Column(Boolean, default=is_paused_at_creation)
# Whether the DAG is a subdag
[docs] is_subdag = Column(Boolean, default=False)
# Whether that DAG was seen on the last DagBag load
[docs] is_active = Column(Boolean, default=False)
# Last time the scheduler started
[docs] last_parsed_time = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Last time this DAG was pickled
[docs] last_pickled = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Time when the DAG last received a refresh signal # (e.g. the DAG's "refresh" button was clicked in the web UI)
[docs] last_expired = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Whether (one of) the scheduler is scheduling this DAG at the moment
[docs] scheduler_lock = Column(Boolean)
# Foreign key to the latest pickle_id
[docs] pickle_id = Column(Integer)
# The location of the file containing the DAG object # Note: Do not depend on fileloc pointing to a file; in the case of a # packaged DAG, it will point to the subpath of the DAG within the # associated zip.
[docs] fileloc = Column(String(2000))
# String representing the owners
[docs] owners = Column(String(2000))
# Description of the dag
[docs] description = Column(Text)
# Default view of the DAG inside the webserver
[docs] default_view = Column(String(25))
# Schedule interval
[docs] schedule_interval = Column(Interval)
# Timetable/Schedule Interval description
[docs] timetable_description = Column(String(1000), nullable=True)
# Tags for view filter
[docs] tags = relationship('DagTag', cascade='all, delete, delete-orphan', backref=backref('dag'))
[docs] max_active_tasks = Column(Integer, nullable=False)
[docs] max_active_runs = Column(Integer, nullable=True)
[docs] has_task_concurrency_limits = Column(Boolean, nullable=False)
[docs] has_import_errors = Column(Boolean(), default=False)
# The logical date of the next dag run.
[docs] next_dagrun = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Must be either both NULL or both datetime.
[docs] next_dagrun_data_interval_start = Column(UtcDateTime)
[docs] next_dagrun_data_interval_end = Column(UtcDateTime)
# Earliest time at which this ``next_dagrun`` can be created.
[docs] next_dagrun_create_after = Column(UtcDateTime)
[docs] __table_args__ = ( Index('idx_root_dag_id', root_dag_id, unique=False), Index('idx_next_dagrun_create_after', next_dagrun_create_after, unique=False),
[docs] parent_dag = relationship( "DagModel", remote_side=[dag_id], primaryjoin=root_dag_id == dag_id, foreign_keys=[root_dag_id]
[docs] NUM_DAGS_PER_DAGRUN_QUERY = conf.getint('scheduler', 'max_dagruns_to_create_per_loop', fallback=10)
def __init__(self, concurrency=None, **kwargs): super().__init__(**kwargs) if self.max_active_tasks is None: if concurrency: warnings.warn( "The 'DagModel.concurrency' parameter is deprecated. Please use 'max_active_tasks'.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) self.max_active_tasks = concurrency else: self.max_active_tasks = conf.getint('core', 'max_active_tasks_per_dag') if self.max_active_runs is None: self.max_active_runs = conf.getint('core', 'max_active_runs_per_dag') if self.has_task_concurrency_limits is None: # Be safe -- this will be updated later once the DAG is parsed self.has_task_concurrency_limits = True
[docs] def __repr__(self): return f"<DAG: {self.dag_id}>"
[docs] def next_dagrun_data_interval(self) -> Optional[DataInterval]: return _get_model_data_interval( self, "next_dagrun_data_interval_start", "next_dagrun_data_interval_end",
) @next_dagrun_data_interval.setter def next_dagrun_data_interval(self, value: Optional[Tuple[datetime, datetime]]) -> None: if value is None: self.next_dagrun_data_interval_start = self.next_dagrun_data_interval_end = None else: self.next_dagrun_data_interval_start, self.next_dagrun_data_interval_end = value @property
[docs] def timezone(self): return settings.TIMEZONE
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_dagmodel(dag_id, session=NEW_SESSION): return session.query(DagModel).options(joinedload(DagModel.parent_dag)).get(dag_id)
@classmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_current(cls, dag_id, session=NEW_SESSION): return session.query(cls).filter(cls.dag_id == dag_id).first()
[docs] def get_last_dagrun(self, session=NEW_SESSION, include_externally_triggered=False): return get_last_dagrun( self.dag_id, session=session, include_externally_triggered=include_externally_triggered
[docs] def get_is_paused(self, *, session: Optional[Session] = None) -> bool: """Provide interface compatibility to 'DAG'.""" return self.is_paused
@staticmethod @provide_session
[docs] def get_paused_dag_ids(dag_ids: List[str], session: Session = NEW_SESSION) -> Set[str]: """ Given a list of dag_ids, get a set of Paused Dag Ids :param dag_ids: List of Dag ids :param session: ORM Session :return: Paused Dag_ids """ paused_dag_ids = ( session.query(DagModel.dag_id) .filter(DagModel.is_paused == expression.true()) .filter(DagModel.dag_id.in_(dag_ids)) .all() ) paused_dag_ids = {paused_dag_id for paused_dag_id, in paused_dag_ids} return paused_dag_ids
[docs] def get_default_view(self) -> str: """ Get the Default DAG View, returns the default config value if DagModel does not have a value """ # This is for backwards-compatibility with old dags that don't have None as default_view return self.default_view or conf.get_mandatory_value('webserver', 'dag_default_view').lower()
[docs] def safe_dag_id(self): return self.dag_id.replace('.', '__dot__')
[docs] def relative_fileloc(self) -> Optional[pathlib.Path]: """File location of the importable dag 'file' relative to the configured DAGs folder.""" if self.fileloc is None: return None path = pathlib.Path(self.fileloc) try: return path.relative_to(settings.DAGS_FOLDER) except ValueError: # Not relative to DAGS_FOLDER. return path
[docs] def set_is_paused(self, is_paused: bool, including_subdags: bool = True, session=NEW_SESSION) -> None: """ Pause/Un-pause a DAG. :param is_paused: Is the DAG paused :param including_subdags: whether to include the DAG's subdags :param session: session """ filter_query = [ DagModel.dag_id == self.dag_id, ] if including_subdags: filter_query.append(DagModel.root_dag_id == self.dag_id) session.query(DagModel).filter(or_(*filter_query)).update( {DagModel.is_paused: is_paused}, synchronize_session='fetch' ) session.commit()
@classmethod @provide_session
[docs] def deactivate_deleted_dags(cls, alive_dag_filelocs: List[str], session=NEW_SESSION): """ Set ``is_active=False`` on the DAGs for which the DAG files have been removed. :param alive_dag_filelocs: file paths of alive DAGs :param session: ORM Session """ log.debug("Deactivating DAGs (for which DAG files are deleted) from %s table ", cls.__tablename__) dag_models = session.query(cls).all() for dag_model in dag_models: if dag_model.fileloc is not None: if correct_maybe_zipped(dag_model.fileloc) not in alive_dag_filelocs: dag_model.is_active = False else: continue
[docs] def dags_needing_dagruns(cls, session: Session): """ Return (and lock) a list of Dag objects that are due to create a new DagRun. This will return a resultset of rows that is row-level-locked with a "SELECT ... FOR UPDATE" query, you should ensure that any scheduling decisions are made in a single transaction -- as soon as the transaction is committed it will be unlocked. """ # TODO[HA]: Bake this query, it is run _A lot_ # We limit so that _one_ scheduler doesn't try to do all the creation # of dag runs query = ( session.query(cls) .filter( cls.is_paused == expression.false(), cls.is_active == expression.true(), cls.has_import_errors == expression.false(), cls.next_dagrun_create_after <=, ) .order_by(cls.next_dagrun_create_after) .limit(cls.NUM_DAGS_PER_DAGRUN_QUERY) ) return with_row_locks(query, of=cls, session=session, **skip_locked(session=session))
[docs] def calculate_dagrun_date_fields( self, dag: DAG, most_recent_dag_run: Union[None, datetime, DataInterval], ) -> None: """ Calculate ``next_dagrun`` and `next_dagrun_create_after`` :param dag: The DAG object :param most_recent_dag_run: DataInterval (or datetime) of most recent run of this dag, or none if not yet scheduled. """ most_recent_data_interval: Optional[DataInterval] if isinstance(most_recent_dag_run, datetime): warnings.warn( "Passing a datetime to `DagModel.calculate_dagrun_date_fields` is deprecated. " "Provide a data interval instead.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) most_recent_data_interval = dag.infer_automated_data_interval(most_recent_dag_run) else: most_recent_data_interval = most_recent_dag_run next_dagrun_info = dag.next_dagrun_info(most_recent_data_interval) if next_dagrun_info is None: self.next_dagrun_data_interval = self.next_dagrun = self.next_dagrun_create_after = None else: self.next_dagrun_data_interval = next_dagrun_info.data_interval self.next_dagrun = next_dagrun_info.logical_date self.next_dagrun_create_after = next_dagrun_info.run_after "Setting next_dagrun for %s to %s, run_after=%s", dag.dag_id, self.next_dagrun, self.next_dagrun_create_after,
[docs]def dag(*dag_args, **dag_kwargs): """ Python dag decorator. Wraps a function into an Airflow DAG. Accepts kwargs for operator kwarg. Can be used to parameterize DAGs. :param dag_args: Arguments for DAG object :param dag_kwargs: Kwargs for DAG object. """ def wrapper(f: Callable): # Get dag initializer signature and bind it to validate that dag_args, and dag_kwargs are correct dag_sig = signature(DAG.__init__) dag_bound_args = dag_sig.bind_partial(*dag_args, **dag_kwargs) @functools.wraps(f) def factory(*args, **kwargs): # Generate signature for decorated function and bind the arguments when called # we do this to extract parameters so we can annotate them on the DAG object. # In addition, this fails if we are missing any args/kwargs with TypeError as expected. f_sig = signature(f).bind(*args, **kwargs) # Apply defaults to capture default values if set. f_sig.apply_defaults() # Set function name as dag_id if not set dag_id = dag_bound_args.arguments.get('dag_id', f.__name__) dag_bound_args.arguments['dag_id'] = dag_id # Initialize DAG with bound arguments with DAG(*dag_bound_args.args, **dag_bound_args.kwargs) as dag_obj: # Set DAG documentation from function documentation. if f.__doc__: dag_obj.doc_md = f.__doc__ # Generate DAGParam for each function arg/kwarg and replace it for calling the function. # All args/kwargs for function will be DAGParam object and replaced on execution time. f_kwargs = {} for name, value in f_sig.arguments.items(): f_kwargs[name] = dag_obj.param(name, value) # set file location to caller source path back = sys._getframe().f_back dag_obj.fileloc = back.f_code.co_filename if back else "" # Invoke function to create operators in the DAG scope. f(**f_kwargs) # Return dag object such that it's accessible in Globals. return dag_obj return factory return wrapper
STATICA_HACK = True globals()['kcah_acitats'[::-1].upper()] = False if STATICA_HACK: # pragma: no cover from airflow.models.serialized_dag import SerializedDagModel DagModel.serialized_dag = relationship(SerializedDagModel) """:sphinx-autoapi-skip:"""
[docs]class DagContext: """ DAG context is used to keep the current DAG when DAG is used as ContextManager. You can use DAG as context: .. code-block:: python with DAG( dag_id="example_dag", default_args=default_args, schedule_interval="0 0 * * *", dagrun_timeout=timedelta(minutes=60), ) as dag: ... If you do this the context stores the DAG and whenever new task is created, it will use such stored DAG as the parent DAG. """ _context_managed_dag: Optional[DAG] = None _previous_context_managed_dags: List[DAG] = [] @classmethod
[docs] def push_context_managed_dag(cls, dag: DAG): if cls._context_managed_dag: cls._previous_context_managed_dags.append(cls._context_managed_dag) cls._context_managed_dag = dag
[docs] def pop_context_managed_dag(cls) -> Optional[DAG]: old_dag = cls._context_managed_dag if cls._previous_context_managed_dags: cls._context_managed_dag = cls._previous_context_managed_dags.pop() else: cls._context_managed_dag = None return old_dag
[docs] def get_current_dag(cls) -> Optional[DAG]: return cls._context_managed_dag

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