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"""This module contains SFTP to Azure Blob Storage operator."""

from __future__ import annotations

import os
from collections import namedtuple
from functools import cached_property
from tempfile import NamedTemporaryFile
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING, Sequence

    from airflow.utils.context import Context

from airflow.exceptions import AirflowException
from airflow.models import BaseOperator
from import WasbHook
from airflow.providers.sftp.hooks.sftp import SFTPHook

[docs]WILDCARD = "*"
[docs]SftpFile = namedtuple("SftpFile", "sftp_file_path, blob_name")
[docs]class SFTPToWasbOperator(BaseOperator): """ Transfer files to Azure Blob Storage from SFTP server. .. seealso:: For more information on how to use this operator, take a look at the guide: :ref:`howto/operator:SFTPToWasbOperator` :param sftp_source_path: The sftp remote path. This is the specified file path for downloading the single file or multiple files from the SFTP server. You can use only one wildcard within your path. The wildcard can appear inside the path or at the end of the path. :param container_name: Name of the container. :param blob_prefix: Prefix to name a blob. :param sftp_conn_id: The sftp connection id. The name or identifier for establishing a connection to the SFTP server. :param wasb_conn_id: Reference to the wasb connection. :param load_options: Optional keyword arguments that ``WasbHook.load_file()`` takes. :param move_object: When move object is True, the object is moved instead of copied to the new location. This is the equivalent of a mv command as opposed to a cp command. :param wasb_overwrite_object: Whether the blob to be uploaded should overwrite the current data. When wasb_overwrite_object is True, it will overwrite the existing data. If set to False, the operation might fail with ResourceExistsError in case a blob object already exists. :param create_container: Attempt to create the target container prior to uploading the blob. This is useful if the target container may not exist yet. Defaults to False. """
[docs] template_fields: Sequence[str] = ("sftp_source_path", "container_name", "blob_prefix")
def __init__( self, *, sftp_source_path: str, container_name: str, blob_prefix: str = "", sftp_conn_id: str = "sftp_default", wasb_conn_id: str = "wasb_default", load_options: dict | None = None, move_object: bool = False, wasb_overwrite_object: bool = False, create_container: bool = False, **kwargs, ) -> None: super().__init__(**kwargs) self.sftp_source_path = sftp_source_path self.blob_prefix = blob_prefix self.sftp_conn_id = sftp_conn_id self.wasb_conn_id = wasb_conn_id self.container_name = container_name self.wasb_conn_id = wasb_conn_id self.load_options = load_options or {"overwrite": wasb_overwrite_object} self.move_object = move_object self.create_container = create_container
[docs] def dry_run(self) -> None: super().dry_run() sftp_files: list[SftpFile] = self.get_sftp_files_map() for file in sftp_files: "Process will upload file from (SFTP) %s to wasb://%s as %s", file.sftp_file_path, self.container_name, file.blob_name, ) if self.move_object:"Executing delete of %s", file)
[docs] def execute(self, context: Context) -> None: """Upload a file from SFTP to Azure Blob Storage.""" sftp_files: list[SftpFile] = self.get_sftp_files_map() uploaded_files = self.copy_files_to_wasb(sftp_files) if self.move_object: self.delete_files(uploaded_files)
[docs] def get_sftp_files_map(self) -> list[SftpFile]: """Get SFTP files from the source path, it may use a WILDCARD to this end.""" sftp_files = [] sftp_complete_path, prefix, delimiter = self.get_tree_behavior() found_files, _, _ = self.sftp_hook.get_tree_map( sftp_complete_path, prefix=prefix, delimiter=delimiter )"Found %d files at sftp source path: %s", len(found_files), self.sftp_source_path) for file in found_files: future_blob_name = self.get_full_path_blob(file) sftp_files.append(SftpFile(file, future_blob_name)) return sftp_files
[docs] def get_tree_behavior(self) -> tuple[str, str | None, str | None]: """Extract from source path the tree behavior to interact with the remote folder.""" self.check_wildcards_limit() if self.source_path_contains_wildcard: prefix, delimiter = self.sftp_source_path.split(WILDCARD, 1) sftp_complete_path = os.path.dirname(prefix) return sftp_complete_path, prefix, delimiter return self.sftp_source_path, None, None
[docs] def check_wildcards_limit(self) -> None: """Check if there are multiple wildcards used in the SFTP source path.""" total_wildcards = self.sftp_source_path.count(WILDCARD) if total_wildcards > 1: raise AirflowException( "Only one wildcard '*' is allowed in sftp_source_path parameter. " f"Found {total_wildcards} in {self.sftp_source_path}." )
[docs] def source_path_contains_wildcard(self) -> bool: """Checks if the SFTP source path contains a wildcard.""" return WILDCARD in self.sftp_source_path
[docs] def sftp_hook(self) -> SFTPHook: """Property of sftp hook to be reused.""" return SFTPHook(self.sftp_conn_id)
[docs] def get_full_path_blob(self, file: str) -> str: """Get a blob name based on the previous name and a blob_prefix variable.""" return self.blob_prefix + os.path.basename(file)
[docs] def copy_files_to_wasb(self, sftp_files: list[SftpFile]) -> list[str]: """Upload a list of files from sftp_files to Azure Blob Storage with a new Blob Name.""" uploaded_files = [] wasb_hook = WasbHook(wasb_conn_id=self.wasb_conn_id) for file in sftp_files: with NamedTemporaryFile("w") as tmp: self.sftp_hook.retrieve_file(file.sftp_file_path, "Uploading %s to wasb://%s as %s", file.sftp_file_path, self.container_name, file.blob_name, ) wasb_hook.load_file(, self.container_name, file.blob_name, self.create_container, **self.load_options, ) uploaded_files.append(file.sftp_file_path) return uploaded_files
[docs] def delete_files(self, uploaded_files: list[str]) -> None: """Delete files at SFTP which have been moved to Azure Blob Storage.""" for sftp_file_path in uploaded_files:"Executing delete of %s", sftp_file_path) self.sftp_hook.delete_file(sftp_file_path)

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