SFTP Connection

The SFTP connection type enables SFTP Integrations.

Authenticating to SFTP

There are two ways to connect to SFTP using Airflow.

  1. Use login and password.

  2. Use private_key or key_file, along with the optional private_key_passphrase

Only one authorization method can be used at a time. If you need to manage multiple credentials or keys then you should configure multiple connections.

Default Connection IDs

Hooks, operators, and sensors related to SFTP use sftp_default by default.

Configuring the Connection

Login (optional)

Specify the sftp username for the remote machine.

Password (optional)

Specify the sftp password for the remote machine.

Port (optional)

Specify the SSH port of the remote machine

Host (optional)

Specify the Hostname or IP of the remote machine

Extra (optional)

Specify the extra parameters (as json dictionary) that can be used in sftp connection. The following parameters are all optional:

  • key_file - Full Path of the private SSH Key file that will be used to connect to the remote_host.

  • private_key - Content of the private key used to connect to the remote_host.

  • private_key_passphrase - Content of the private key passphrase used to decrypt the private key.

  • conn_timeout - An optional timeout (in seconds) for the TCP connect. Default is 10.

  • timeout - Deprecated - use conn_timeout instead.

  • compress - true to ask the remote client/server to compress traffic; false to refuse compression. Default is true.

  • no_host_key_check - Set to false to restrict connecting to hosts with no entries in ~/.ssh/known_hosts (Hosts file). This provides maximum protection against trojan horse attacks, but can be troublesome when the /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts file is poorly maintained or connections to new hosts are frequently made. This option forces the user to manually add all new hosts. Default is true, ssh will automatically add new host keys to the user known hosts files.

  • allow_host_key_change - Set to true if you want to allow connecting to hosts that has host key changed or when you get ‘REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED’ error. This won’t protect against Man-In-The-Middle attacks. Other possible solution is to remove the host entry from ~/.ssh/known_hosts file. Default is false.

  • look_for_keys - Set to false if you want to disable searching for discoverable private key files in ~/.ssh/

  • host_key - The base64 encoded ssh-rsa public key of the host or “ssh-<key type> <key data>” (as you would find in the known_hosts file). Specifying this allows making the connection if and only if the public key of the endpoint matches this value.

  • disabled_algorithms - A dictionary mapping algorithm type to an iterable of algorithm identifiers, which will be disabled for the lifetime of the transport.

  • ciphers - A list of ciphers to use in order of preference.

Example “extras” field using host_key:

   "no_host_key_check": "false",
   "allow_host_key_change": "false",
   "host_key": "AAAHD...YDWwq=="

Example “extras” field using key_file or private_key:

   "key_file": "path/to/private_key",
   "no_host_key_check": "true"

When specifying the connection in environment variable you should specify it using URI syntax.

Note that all components of the URI should be URL-encoded.

Example connection string with key_file (path to key file provided in connection):

export AIRFLOW_CONN_SFTP_DEFAULT='sftp://user:pass@localhost:22?key_file=%2Fhome%2Fairflow%2F.ssh%2Fid_rsa'

Example connection string with host_key:


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