Source code for airflow.providers.docker.operators.docker

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"""Implements Docker operator."""

from __future__ import annotations

import ast
import os
import pickle
import tarfile
import warnings
from import Container
from functools import cached_property
from io import BytesIO, StringIO
from tempfile import TemporaryDirectory
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING, Iterable, Sequence

from deprecated.classic import deprecated
from docker.constants import DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_SECONDS
from docker.errors import APIError
from docker.types import LogConfig, Mount, Ulimit
from dotenv import dotenv_values
from typing_extensions import Literal

from airflow.exceptions import AirflowProviderDeprecationWarning
from airflow.models import BaseOperator
from airflow.providers.docker.exceptions import (
from airflow.providers.docker.hooks.docker import DockerHook
from airflow.utils.types import NOTSET, ArgNotSet

    from docker import APIClient
    from docker.types import DeviceRequest

    from airflow.utils.context import Context

[docs]def stringify(line: str | bytes): """Make sure string is returned even if bytes are passed. Docker stream can return bytes.""" decode_method = getattr(line, "decode", None) if decode_method: return decode_method(encoding="utf-8", errors="surrogateescape") else: return line
[docs]class DockerOperator(BaseOperator): """Execute a command inside a docker container. By default, a temporary directory is created on the host and mounted into a container to allow storing files that together exceed the default disk size of 10GB in a container. In this case The path to the mounted directory can be accessed via the environment variable ``AIRFLOW_TMP_DIR``. If the volume cannot be mounted, warning is printed and an attempt is made to execute the docker command without the temporary folder mounted. This is to make it works by default with remote docker engine or when you run docker-in-docker solution and temporary directory is not shared with the docker engine. Warning is printed in logs in this case. If you know you run DockerOperator with remote engine or via docker-in-docker you should set ``mount_tmp_dir`` parameter to False. In this case, you can still use ``mounts`` parameter to mount already existing named volumes in your Docker Engine to achieve similar capability where you can store files exceeding default disk size of the container, If a login to a private registry is required prior to pulling the image, a Docker connection needs to be configured in Airflow and the connection ID be provided with the parameter ``docker_conn_id``. :param image: Docker image from which to create the container. If image tag is omitted, "latest" will be used. (templated) :param api_version: Remote API version. Set to ``auto`` to automatically detect the server's version. :param command: Command to be run in the container. (templated) :param container_name: Name of the container. Optional (templated) :param cpus: Number of CPUs to assign to the container. This value gets multiplied with 1024. See :param docker_url: URL or list of URLs of the host(s) running the docker daemon. Default is the value of the ``DOCKER_HOST`` environment variable or unix://var/run/docker.sock if it is unset. :param environment: Environment variables to set in the container. (templated) :param private_environment: Private environment variables to set in the container. These are not templated, and hidden from the website. :param env_file: Relative path to the ``.env`` file with environment variables to set in the container. Overridden by variables in the environment parameter. (templated) :param force_pull: Pull the docker image on every run. Default is False. :param mem_limit: Maximum amount of memory the container can use. Either a float value, which represents the limit in bytes, or a string like ``128m`` or ``1g``. :param host_tmp_dir: Specify the location of the temporary directory on the host which will be mapped to tmp_dir. If not provided defaults to using the standard system temp directory. :param network_mode: Network mode for the container. It can be one of the following: - ``"bridge"``: Create new network stack for the container with default docker bridge network - ``"none"``: No networking for this container - ``"container:<name|id>"``: Use the network stack of another container specified via <name|id> - ``"host"``: Use the host network stack. Incompatible with `port_bindings` - ``"<network-name>|<network-id>"``: Connects the container to user created network (using ``docker network create`` command) :param tls_ca_cert: Path to a PEM-encoded certificate authority to secure the docker connection. :param tls_client_cert: Path to the PEM-encoded certificate used to authenticate docker client. :param tls_client_key: Path to the PEM-encoded key used to authenticate docker client. :param tls_verify: Set ``True`` to verify the validity of the provided certificate. :param tls_hostname: Hostname to match against the docker server certificate or False to disable the check. :param tls_ssl_version: Version of SSL to use when communicating with docker daemon. :param mount_tmp_dir: Specify whether the temporary directory should be bind-mounted from the host to the container. Defaults to True :param tmp_dir: Mount point inside the container to a temporary directory created on the host by the operator. The path is also made available via the environment variable ``AIRFLOW_TMP_DIR`` inside the container. :param user: Default user inside the docker container. :param mounts: List of volumes to mount into the container. Each item should be a :py:class:`docker.types.Mount` instance. :param entrypoint: Overwrite the default ENTRYPOINT of the image :param working_dir: Working directory to set on the container (equivalent to the -w switch the docker client) :param xcom_all: Push all the stdout or just the last line. The default is False (last line). :param docker_conn_id: The :ref:`Docker connection id <howto/connection:docker>` :param dns: Docker custom DNS servers :param dns_search: Docker custom DNS search domain :param auto_remove: Enable removal of the container when the container's process exits. Possible values: - ``never``: (default) do not remove container - ``success``: remove on success - ``force``: always remove container :param shm_size: Size of ``/dev/shm`` in bytes. The size must be greater than 0. If omitted uses system default. :param tty: Allocate pseudo-TTY to the container This needs to be set see logs of the Docker container. :param hostname: Optional hostname for the container. :param privileged: Give extended privileges to this container. :param cap_add: Include container capabilities :param extra_hosts: Additional hostnames to resolve inside the container, as a mapping of hostname to IP address. :param retrieve_output: Should this docker image consistently attempt to pull from and output file before manually shutting down the image. Useful for cases where users want a pickle serialized output that is not posted to logs :param retrieve_output_path: path for output file that will be retrieved and passed to xcom :param timeout: Timeout for API calls, in seconds. Default is 60 seconds. :param device_requests: Expose host resources such as GPUs to the container. :param log_opts_max_size: The maximum size of the log before it is rolled. A positive integer plus a modifier representing the unit of measure (k, m, or g). Eg: 10m or 1g Defaults to -1 (unlimited). :param log_opts_max_file: The maximum number of log files that can be present. If rolling the logs creates excess files, the oldest file is removed. Only effective when max-size is also set. A positive integer. Defaults to 1. :param ipc_mode: Set the IPC mode for the container. :param skip_on_exit_code: If task exits with this exit code, leave the task in ``skipped`` state (default: None). If set to ``None``, any non-zero exit code will be treated as a failure. :param port_bindings: Publish a container's port(s) to the host. It is a dictionary of value where the key indicates the port to open inside the container and value indicates the host port that binds to the container port. Incompatible with ``"host"`` in ``network_mode``. :param ulimits: List of ulimit options to set for the container. Each item should be a :py:class:`docker.types.Ulimit` instance. """ # !!! Changes in DockerOperator's arguments should be also reflected in !!! # - docs/apache-airflow-providers-docker/decorators/docker.rst # - airflow/decorators/__init__.pyi (by a separate PR)
[docs] template_fields: Sequence[str] = ("image", "command", "environment", "env_file", "container_name")
[docs] template_fields_renderers = {"env_file": "yaml"}
[docs] template_ext: Sequence[str] = ( ".sh", ".bash", ".env", )
def __init__( self, *, image: str, api_version: str | None = None, command: str | list[str] | None = None, container_name: str | None = None, cpus: float = 1.0, docker_url: str | list[str] | None = None, environment: dict | None = None, private_environment: dict | None = None, env_file: str | None = None, force_pull: bool = False, mem_limit: float | str | None = None, host_tmp_dir: str | None = None, network_mode: str | None = None, tls_ca_cert: str | None = None, tls_client_cert: str | None = None, tls_client_key: str | None = None, tls_verify: bool = True, tls_hostname: str | bool | None = None, tls_ssl_version: str | None = None, mount_tmp_dir: bool = True, tmp_dir: str = "/tmp/airflow", user: str | int | None = None, mounts: list[Mount] | None = None, entrypoint: str | list[str] | None = None, working_dir: str | None = None, xcom_all: bool = False, docker_conn_id: str | None = None, dns: list[str] | None = None, dns_search: list[str] | None = None, auto_remove: Literal["never", "success", "force"] = "never", shm_size: int | None = None, tty: bool = False, hostname: str | None = None, privileged: bool = False, cap_add: Iterable[str] | None = None, extra_hosts: dict[str, str] | None = None, retrieve_output: bool = False, retrieve_output_path: str | None = None, timeout: int = DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_SECONDS, device_requests: list[DeviceRequest] | None = None, log_opts_max_size: str | None = None, log_opts_max_file: str | None = None, ipc_mode: str | None = None, skip_on_exit_code: int | Container[int] | None = None, port_bindings: dict | None = None, ulimits: list[Ulimit] | None = None, # deprecated, no need to include into docstring skip_exit_code: int | Container[int] | ArgNotSet = NOTSET, **kwargs, ) -> None: if skip_exit_code is not NOTSET: warnings.warn( "`skip_exit_code` is deprecated and will be removed in the future. " "Please use `skip_on_exit_code` instead.", AirflowProviderDeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) if skip_on_exit_code is not None and skip_exit_code != skip_on_exit_code: msg = ( f"Conflicting `skip_on_exit_code` provided, " f"skip_on_exit_code={skip_on_exit_code!r}, skip_exit_code={skip_exit_code!r}." ) raise ValueError(msg) skip_on_exit_code = skip_exit_code # type: ignore[assignment] if isinstance(auto_remove, bool): warnings.warn( "bool value for `auto_remove` is deprecated and will be removed in the future. " "Please use 'never', 'success', or 'force' instead", AirflowProviderDeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) auto_remove = "success" if auto_remove else "never" super().__init__(**kwargs) self.api_version = api_version if not auto_remove or auto_remove not in ("never", "success", "force"): msg = ( f"Invalid `auto_remove` value {auto_remove!r}, " "expected one of 'never', 'success', or 'force'." ) raise ValueError(msg) self.auto_remove = auto_remove self.command = command self.container_name = container_name self.cpus = cpus self.dns = dns self.dns_search = dns_search self.docker_url = docker_url or os.environ.get("DOCKER_HOST") or "unix://var/run/docker.sock" self.environment = environment or {} self._private_environment = private_environment or {} self.env_file = env_file self.force_pull = force_pull self.image = image self.mem_limit = mem_limit self.host_tmp_dir = host_tmp_dir self.network_mode = network_mode self.tls_ca_cert = tls_ca_cert self.tls_client_cert = tls_client_cert self.tls_client_key = tls_client_key self.tls_verify = tls_verify self.tls_hostname = tls_hostname self.tls_ssl_version = tls_ssl_version self.mount_tmp_dir = mount_tmp_dir self.tmp_dir = tmp_dir self.user = user self.mounts = mounts or [] self.entrypoint = entrypoint self.working_dir = working_dir self.xcom_all = xcom_all self.docker_conn_id = docker_conn_id self.shm_size = shm_size self.tty = tty self.hostname = hostname self.privileged = privileged self.cap_add = cap_add self.extra_hosts = extra_hosts self.ulimits = ulimits or [] self.container: dict = None # type: ignore[assignment] self.retrieve_output = retrieve_output self.retrieve_output_path = retrieve_output_path self.timeout = timeout self.device_requests = device_requests self.log_opts_max_size = log_opts_max_size self.log_opts_max_file = log_opts_max_file self.ipc_mode = ipc_mode self.skip_on_exit_code = ( skip_on_exit_code if isinstance(skip_on_exit_code, Container) else [skip_on_exit_code] if skip_on_exit_code is not None else [] ) self.port_bindings = port_bindings or {} if self.port_bindings and self.network_mode == "host": raise ValueError("Port bindings is not supported in the host network mode") @cached_property
[docs] def hook(self) -> DockerHook: """Create and return an DockerHook (cached).""" tls_config = DockerHook.construct_tls_config( ca_cert=self.tls_ca_cert, client_cert=self.tls_client_cert, client_key=self.tls_client_key, verify=self.tls_verify, assert_hostname=self.tls_hostname, ssl_version=self.tls_ssl_version, ) return DockerHook( docker_conn_id=self.docker_conn_id, base_url=self.docker_url, version=self.api_version, tls=tls_config, timeout=self.timeout, )
@deprecated(reason="use `hook` property instead.", category=AirflowProviderDeprecationWarning)
[docs] def get_hook(self) -> DockerHook: """Create and return an DockerHook (cached).""" return self.hook
[docs] def cli(self) -> APIClient: return self.hook.api_client
def _run_image(self) -> list[str] | str | None: """Run a Docker container with the provided image.""""Starting docker container from image %s", self.image) if self.mount_tmp_dir: with TemporaryDirectory(prefix="airflowtmp", dir=self.host_tmp_dir) as host_tmp_dir_generated: tmp_mount = Mount(self.tmp_dir, host_tmp_dir_generated, "bind") try: return self._run_image_with_mounts([*self.mounts, tmp_mount], add_tmp_variable=True) except APIError as e: if host_tmp_dir_generated in str(e): self.log.warning( "Using remote engine or docker-in-docker and mounting temporary " "volume from host is not supported. Falling back to " "`mount_tmp_dir=False` mode. You can set `mount_tmp_dir` parameter" " to False to disable mounting and remove the warning" ) return self._run_image_with_mounts(self.mounts, add_tmp_variable=False) raise else: return self._run_image_with_mounts(self.mounts, add_tmp_variable=False) def _run_image_with_mounts(self, target_mounts, add_tmp_variable: bool) -> list[str] | str | None: if add_tmp_variable: self.environment["AIRFLOW_TMP_DIR"] = self.tmp_dir else: self.environment.pop("AIRFLOW_TMP_DIR", None) docker_log_config = {} if self.log_opts_max_size is not None: docker_log_config["max-size"] = self.log_opts_max_size if self.log_opts_max_file is not None: docker_log_config["max-file"] = self.log_opts_max_file env_file_vars = {} if self.env_file is not None: env_file_vars = self.unpack_environment_variables(self.env_file) self.container = self.cli.create_container( command=self.format_command(self.command), name=self.container_name, environment={**env_file_vars, **self.environment, **self._private_environment}, ports=list(self.port_bindings), host_config=self.cli.create_host_config( auto_remove=False, mounts=target_mounts, network_mode=self.network_mode, shm_size=self.shm_size, dns=self.dns, dns_search=self.dns_search, cpu_shares=round(self.cpus * 1024), port_bindings=self.port_bindings, mem_limit=self.mem_limit, cap_add=self.cap_add, extra_hosts=self.extra_hosts, privileged=self.privileged, device_requests=self.device_requests, log_config=LogConfig(config=docker_log_config), ipc_mode=self.ipc_mode, ulimits=self.ulimits, ), image=self.image, user=self.user, entrypoint=self.format_command(self.entrypoint), working_dir=self.working_dir, tty=self.tty, hostname=self.hostname, ) logstream = self.cli.attach(container=self.container["Id"], stdout=True, stderr=True, stream=True) try: self.cli.start(self.container["Id"]) log_lines = [] for log_chunk in logstream: log_chunk = stringify(log_chunk).strip() log_lines.append(log_chunk)"%s", log_chunk) result = self.cli.wait(self.container["Id"]) if result["StatusCode"] in self.skip_on_exit_code: raise DockerContainerFailedSkipException( f"Docker container returned exit code {self.skip_on_exit_code}. Skipping.", logs=log_lines ) elif result["StatusCode"] != 0: raise DockerContainerFailedException(f"Docker container failed: {result!r}", logs=log_lines) if self.retrieve_output: return self._attempt_to_retrieve_result() elif self.do_xcom_push: if not log_lines: return None try: if self.xcom_all: return log_lines else: return log_lines[-1] except StopIteration: # handle the case when there is not a single line to iterate on return None return None finally: if self.auto_remove == "success": self.cli.remove_container(self.container["Id"]) elif self.auto_remove == "force": self.cli.remove_container(self.container["Id"], force=True) def _attempt_to_retrieve_result(self): """Attempt to pull the result from the expected file. This uses Docker's ``get_archive`` function. If the file is not yet ready, *None* is returned. """ def copy_from_docker(container_id, src): archived_result, stat = self.cli.get_archive(container_id, src) if stat["size"] == 0: # 0 byte file, it can't be anything else than None return None # no need to port to a file since we intend to deserialize with BytesIO(b"".join(archived_result)) as f: tar = file = tar.extractfile(stat["name"]) lib = getattr(self, "pickling_library", pickle) return lib.load(file) try: return copy_from_docker(self.container["Id"], self.retrieve_output_path) except APIError: return None
[docs] def execute(self, context: Context) -> list[str] | str | None: # Pull the docker image if `force_pull` is set or image does not exist locally if self.force_pull or not self.cli.images(name=self.image):"Pulling docker image %s", self.image) latest_status: dict[str, str] = {} for output in self.cli.pull(self.image, stream=True, decode=True): if isinstance(output, str):"%s", output) continue if isinstance(output, dict) and "status" in output: output_status = output["status"] if "id" not in output:"%s", output_status) continue output_id = output["id"] if latest_status.get(output_id) != output_status:"%s: %s", output_id, output_status) latest_status[output_id] = output_status return self._run_image()
[docs] def format_command(command: list[str] | str | None) -> list[str] | str | None: """Retrieve command(s). If command string starts with ``[``, the string is treated as a Python literal and parsed into a list of commands. :param command: Docker command or entrypoint :return: the command (or commands) """ if isinstance(command, str) and command.strip().startswith("["): command = ast.literal_eval(command) return command
[docs] def on_kill(self) -> None: if self.hook.client_created:"Stopping docker container") if self.container is None:"Not attempting to kill container as it was not created") return self.cli.stop(self.container["Id"])
[docs] def unpack_environment_variables(env_str: str) -> dict: r"""Parse environment variables from the string. :param env_str: environment variables in the ``{key}={value}`` format, separated by a ``\n`` (newline) :return: dictionary containing parsed environment variables """ return dotenv_values(stream=StringIO(env_str))

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